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Affirmative action describes policies that support members of a disadvantaged group that has previously suffered
The nature of affirmative action policies varies from region to region. Some countries use a quota system, whereby a certain percentage of government jobs, political positions, and school vacancies must be reserved for members of a certain group; an example of this is the
The term "affirmative action" was first used in the United States in "
Affirmative action is intended to promote the opportunities of defined minority groups within a society to give them equal access to that of the majority population.
It is often instituted for government and educational settings to ensure that certain designated "
The stated justification for affirmative action by its proponents is that it helps to compensate for past discrimination, persecution or