African Union

  • african union

    flag of the african union
    flag
    emblem of the african union
    emblem
    motto: 
    "a united and strong africa"
    anthem: 
    "let us all unite and celebrate together"[2]
    an orthographic projection of the world, highlighting the african union and its member states (green).
    dark green: member states
    political centres
    • addis ababaa
    • johannesburgb
    largest citylagos
    official languages
    • arabic
    • english
    • french
    • swahili
    • portuguese
    • other african languages
    demonym(s)african
    typecontinental union
    membership55 member states
    leaders
    • chair
    cyril ramaphosa
    • commission chair
    moussa faki[3]
    • parliamentary president
    roger nkodo dang
    legislaturepan-african parliament
    establishment
    • oau charter
    25 may 1963; 56 years ago (1963-05-25)
    • abuja treaty
    3 june 1991
    • sirte declaration
    9 september 1999
    • african union founded
    9 july 2002
    area
    • total
    29,922,059[4] km2 (11,552,972 sq mi)
    population
    • 2020 estimate
    increase 1,321,000,000[note 1]
    gdp (ppp)2020 estimate
    • total
    increase $7.573 trillion[5][note 2]
    • per capita
    increase $5,733[5]
    gdp (nominal)2020 estimate
    • total
    increase $2.587 trillion[5][note 3]
    • per capita
    increase $1,958[5]
    hdi (2019)0.538
    low
    internet tldau.int
    • a seat of the african union commission.
    • b seat of the pan-african parliament.
    • c proposed.

    the african union (au) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of africa. the au was announced in the sirte declaration in sirte, libya, on 9 september 1999, calling for the establishment of the african union. the bloc was founded on 26 may 2001 in addis ababa, ethiopia, and launched on 9 july 2002 in durban, south africa.[6] the intention of the au was to replace the organisation of african unity (oau), established on 25 may 1963 in addis ababa by 32 signatory governments; the oau was disbanded on 9 july 2002. the most important decisions of the au are made by the assembly of the african union, a semi-annual meeting of the heads of state and government of its member states. the au's secretariat, the african union commission, is based in addis ababa. the largest city in the au is lagos, nigeria, while the largest urban agglomeration is cairo, egypt.

    the african union has just over 1 billion people and an area of around 29 million km2 (11 million sq mi) and includes popular world landmarks, including the sahara and the nile.[7] the primary languages spoken include arabic, english, french, portuguese, spanish, swahili, and other languages of africa. within the african union, there are official bodies such as the peace and security council and the pan-african parliament.

  • overview
  • history
  • geography
  • demographics
  • politics
  • foreign relations
  • economy
  • culture
  • celebration
  • current issues
  • see also
  • references
  • notes
  • bibliography
  • external links

African Union

Motto: 
"A United and Strong Africa"
An orthographic projection of the world, highlighting the African Union and its member states (green).
Dark green: member states
Political centres
Largest cityLagos
Official languages
Demonym(s)African
TypeContinental union
Membership55 member states
Leaders
• Chair
Cyril Ramaphosa
Moussa Faki[3]
Roger Nkodo Dang
LegislaturePan-African Parliament
Establishment
25 May 1963; 56 years ago (1963-05-25)
3 June 1991
9 September 1999
• African Union founded
9 July 2002
Area
• Total
29,922,059[4] km2 (11,552,972 sq mi)
Population
• 2020 estimate
Increase 1,321,000,000[note 1]
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $7.573 trillion[5][note 2]
• Per capita
Increase $5,733[5]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.587 trillion[5][note 3]
• Per capita
Increase $1,958[5]
HDI (2019)0.538
low
Internet TLDau.int

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa. The AU was announced in the Sirte Declaration in Sirte, Libya, on 9 September 1999, calling for the establishment of the African Union. The bloc was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and launched on 9 July 2002 in Durban, South Africa.[6] The intention of the AU was to replace the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa by 32 signatory governments; the OAU was disbanded on 9 July 2002. The most important decisions of the AU are made by the Assembly of the African Union, a semi-annual meeting of the heads of state and government of its member states. The AU's secretariat, the African Union Commission, is based in Addis Ababa. The largest city in the AU is Lagos, Nigeria, while the largest urban agglomeration is Cairo, Egypt.

The African Union has just over 1 billion people and an area of around 29 million km2 (11 million sq mi) and includes popular world landmarks, including the Sahara and the Nile.[7] The primary languages spoken include Arabic, English, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Swahili, and other languages of Africa. Within the African Union, there are official bodies such as the Peace and Security Council and the Pan-African Parliament.