Alignment (Israel)

  • alignment

    המערך
    historical leaderslevi eshkol (1969)
    golda meir (1969–74)
    yitzhak rabin (1974–77)
    shimon peres (1977–91)
    founded1969
    dissolved1991
    merged intoisraeli labor party
    ideologysocial democracy[1]
    labor zionism
    factions:
    socialism
    liberalism
    political positioncentre-left
    international affiliationsocialist international
    member partieslabor and mapam
    most mks63 (1969)
    fewest mks31 (1977–1980)
    election symbol
    אמת
    • politics of israel
    • political parties
    • elections
    alignment politicians at a 1965 conference

    the alignment (hebrew: המערך, translit. hama'arakh) is the name of two political alliances in israel, both of which ended their existence by merging into the israeli labor party.

    the first alignment was a 1965 alliance of mapai and ahdut haavoda. the two parties continued to exist independently, but submitted joint electoral lists. often called the labor alignment, the alliance lasted three years until a merger with rafi in 1968 created the unitary israeli labor party.

    the following year the labor party formed an alliance with mapam, readopting the alignment name. the two constituent parties remained separate, but with combined electoral campaigns and candidate lists. the second version of the alignment lasted for more than two decades.

    at its formation in 1969, the second alignment had 63 of 120 knesset seats, the only time a parliamentary group in israel has ever held a parliamentary majority. although its majority was lost in the 1969 election, the 56 seats won by the alignment remains the highest seat total won in an israeli election.

  • first alignment
  • second alignment
  • list of chairpersons
  • composition
  • election results (first alignment)
  • election results (second alignment)
  • references
  • external links

Alignment

המערך
Historical leadersLevi Eshkol (1969)
Golda Meir (1969–74)
Yitzhak Rabin (1974–77)
Shimon Peres (1977–91)
Founded1969
Dissolved1991
Merged intoIsraeli Labor Party
IdeologySocial democracy[1]
Labor Zionism
Factions:
Socialism
Liberalism
Political positionCentre-left
International affiliationSocialist International
Member partiesLabor and Mapam
Most MKs63 (1969)
Fewest MKs31 (1977–1980)
Election symbol
אמת
Alignment politicians at a 1965 conference

The Alignment (Hebrew: המערך, translit. HaMa'arakh) is the name of two political alliances in Israel, both of which ended their existence by merging into the Israeli Labor Party.

The first Alignment was a 1965 alliance of Mapai and Ahdut HaAvoda. The two parties continued to exist independently, but submitted joint electoral lists. Often called the Labor Alignment, the alliance lasted three years until a merger with Rafi in 1968 created the unitary Israeli Labor Party.

The following year the Labor Party formed an alliance with Mapam, readopting the Alignment name. The two constituent parties remained separate, but with combined electoral campaigns and candidate lists. The second version of the Alignment lasted for more than two decades.

At its formation in 1969, the second Alignment had 63 of 120 Knesset seats, the only time a parliamentary group in Israel has ever held a parliamentary majority. Although its majority was lost in the 1969 election, the 56 seats won by the Alignment remains the highest seat total won in an Israeli election.