Most of present-day Indonesia was a Dutch colony – the Dutch East Indies – from 1800 until the Japanese invasion during World War II. After the defeat of the Japanese, when the Dutch attempted to reassert control, anti-Dutch feeling developed among the native population, encompassing anything associated with the Dutch. The outcome was the Indonesian National Revolution, culminating in 1949 in the independence of Indonesia.
In South Africa, following the Boer War (1899-1902) between the British government and settlers of Dutch descent, anti-Dutch sentiments were present within the English-speaking population and were identified with the Unionist Party.
South America and the Caribbean
A growing nationalist movement gave rise to anti-Dutch sentiment during the 1950s in the then colony of Surinam. Suriname became self-governing in 1954 and fully independent in 1975.