Protest against the Gaza War in Melbourne, 2009
On 7 September 2006 in Trafalgar Square, London.

Anti-Zionism is opposition to Zionism. The term is broadly defined in the modern era to denote opposition to the political movement of Jews to self-determination[1][2] within the territory of the historic Land of Israel (also referred to as Palestine, Canaan, or the Holy Land).[3] Anti-Zionism is also defined as opposition to the State of Israel or, prior to 1948, its establishment.

The term is used to describe various religious, moral and political points of view, but their diversity of motivation and expression is sufficiently different that "anti-Zionism" cannot be seen as having a single ideology or source. There is also a difference between how it is discussed philosophically and how it is enacted within a political or social campaign.[4] Many notable Jewish and non-Jewish sources take the view that anti-Zionism has become a cover for modern-day antisemitism, a position that critics have challenged as a tactic to silence criticism of Israeli policies. Others, such as Steven M. Cohen, Brian Klug[5] and Todd Gitlin, see no correlation between the two.[6]