Protest against the Gaza War in Melbourne, 2009
On 7 September 2006 in Trafalgar Square, London.

Anti-Zionism is opposition to Zionism. The term is broadly defined in the modern era as opposition to the State of Israel or, prior to 1948, its establishment.[1] It has also been defined as opposition to the political movement of Jews to self-determination[2][3] within the territory variously referred to as the Land of Israel, Palestine, Canaan, or the Holy Land.[4]

The term is used to describe various religious, moral and political points of view, but their diversity of motivation and expression is sufficiently different that "anti-Zionism" cannot be seen as having a single ideology or source. There is also a difference between how it is discussed philosophically and how it is enacted within a political or social campaign.[5] Some sources take the view that anti-Zionism has become a cover for modern-day antisemitism, a position that critics have challenged as a tactic to silence criticism of Israeli policies. Others, such as Steven M. Cohen, Brian Klug[6] and Todd Gitlin, see no correlation between the two.[7]