Antiziganism

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Romani people
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Antiziganism (also antigypsyism, anti-Romanyism, Romaphobia, or anti-Romani sentiment) is hostility, prejudice, discrimination or racism which is specifically directed at Romani people (Roma, Sinti, Iberian Kale, Welsh Kale, Finnish Kale and Romanichal). Non-Rom groups such as the Yenish and Irish and Scottish Travellers are often given the misnomer "gypsy" and confused with the Romani people. As a result, sentiments which were originally directed at the Romani people are also directed at traveller groups and they are often referred to as "antigypsy" sentiments.

The term Antigypsyism is recognized by the European Parliament and the European Commission as well as by a wide cross-section of civil society.[1]

Etymology

The root Zigan comes from the term Cingane (alt. Tsinganoi, Zigar, Zigeuner) which probably derives from Athinganoi, the name of a Christian sect which the Romani became associated with during the Middle Ages.[2][3][4][5] According to Martin Holler, the English term anti-Gypsyism stems from the mid-1980s, and it became mainstream in the 2000s and 2010s, whereas the term antiziganism was more recently borrowed from the German Antiziganismus.[6]