Antiziganism

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Romani people
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Antiziganism (also antigypsyism, anti-Romanyism, Romaphobia, or anti-Romani sentiment) is the hostility, prejudice, discrimination or racism specifically directed at Romani people (Roma, Sinti, Iberian Kale, Welsh Kale, Finnish Kale and Romanichal). Non-Rom groups such as the Yenish and Irish and Scottish Travellers are often given the misnomer "gypsy" and confused with the Romani people. As a result, sentiments directed towards them are often referred to as "antigypsy" as well.

The term Antigypsyism is recognized by the European Parliament and the European Commission as well as a wide cross-section of civil society.[1]

Etymology

The root Zigan comes from the term Cingane (alt. Tsinganoi, Zigar, Zigeuner) which probably derives from Athinganoi, the name of a Christian sect with whom the Romani became associated in the Middle Ages.[2][3][4][5] According to Martin Holler, the English term anti-Gypsyism stems from the mid-1980s, and became mainstream in the 2000s and 2010s, whereas the term antiziganism was borrowed from the German Antiziganismus more recently.[6]