Aporophobia (from the Spanish aporofobia, and this from the Ancient Greek άπορος (á-poros), without resources, indigent, poor, and φόβος (phobos), fear)[1][2] is fear of poverty and of poor people. It is the disgust and hostility towards poor people, without resources or helpless.[3]

The concept of aporophobia was coined in the 1990s[4][5] by the philosopher Adela Cortina, professor of Ethics and Political Philosophy at the University of Valencia,[6] to differentiate this attitude from xenophobia, which only refers to the rejection of foreigners, and racism, which is discrimination by ethnic groups. The difference between aporophobia and xenophobia or racism is that socially there is no discrimination or marginalization of immigrants or members of other ethnic groups when these people have assets, economic resources and/or social and media relevance.[4][7][8]

The aporophobia consists, therefore, in a feeling of fear and in an attitude of rejection of the poor, the lack of means, the helpless. Such feeling and such attitude are acquired.[4]