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. (february 2019)
|part of the middle eastern theatre of world war i|
soldiers of the sharifian army in northern yanbu carrying the flag of the arab revolt.
|date||june 1916 – october 1918|
of the ottoman empire
- arab military victory
- arab failure to achieve unified independence
- armistice of mudros
- treaty of sèvres
partitioning of the ottoman empire|
kingdom of hejaz|
|commanders and leaders|
hussein bin ali|
faisal bin hussein
abdullah bin hussein
ali bin hussein
t. e. lawrence
mehmed v |
otto liman von sanders
saud bin abdulaziz
30,000 (june 1916)|
|casualties and losses|
~10,000 disease deaths
the arab revolt (arabic: الثورة العربية, al-thawra al-‘arabiyya; turkish: arap İsyanı) or the great arab revolt (arabic: الثورة العربية الكبرى, al-thawra al-‘arabiyya al-kubrā) was a military uprising of arab forces against the ottoman empire in the middle eastern theatre of world war i. on the basis of the mcmahon–hussein correspondence, an agreement between the british government and hussein bin ali, sharif of mecca, the revolt was officially initiated at mecca on june 10, 1916.[a] the aim of the revolt was to create a single unified and independent arab state stretching from aleppo in syria to aden in yemen, which the british had promised to recognize.
the sharifian army led by hussein and the hashemites, with military backing from the british egyptian expeditionary force, successfully fought and expelled the ottoman military presence from much of the hejaz and transjordan. the rebellion eventually took damascus and set up a short-lived monarchy led by faisal, a son of hussein.
following the sykes-picot agreement, the middle east was later partitioned by the british and french into mandate territories rather than a unified arab state, and the british reneged on their promise to support a unified independent arab state.