Arab Revolt

  • arab revolt
    part of the middle eastern theatre of world war i
    030arab.jpg
    soldiers of the sharifian army in northern yanbu carrying the flag of the arab revolt.
    datejune 1916 – october 1918
    location
    hejaz, transjordan, syria of the ottoman empire
    result
    • arab military victory
    • arab failure to achieve unified independence
    • armistice of mudros
    • treaty of sèvres
    territorial
    changes
    partitioning of the ottoman empire
    belligerents
    arab revolt kingdom of hejaz
     united kingdom
     france
     ottoman empire

     germany
    flag of the emirate of ha'il.svg jabal shammar
    commanders and leaders
    arab revolt hussein bin ali
    arab revolt faisal bin hussein
    arab revolt abdullah bin hussein
    arab revolt ali bin hussein
    united kingdom of great britain and ireland edmund allenby
    united kingdom of great britain and ireland t. e. lawrence
    french third republic Édouard brémond [fr]
    ottoman empire mehmed v
    ottoman empire djemal pasha
    ottoman empire fakhri pasha
    ottoman empire muhiddin pasha

    german empire otto liman von sanders
    flag of the emirate of ha'il.svg saud bin abdulaziz
    strength
    30,000 (june 1916)[1]
    50,000+ (1918)[2]
    may 1916:
    6,500–7,000 troops[3]
    september 1918:
    25,000 troops
    340 guns[1]
    casualties and losses
    unknown ottoman empire 47,000+
    5,000 killed
    10,000 wounded[4]
    22,000+ captured[5][6][7]
    ~10,000 disease deaths

    the arab revolt (arabic: الثورة العربية‎, al-thawra al-‘arabiyya; turkish: arap İsyanı) or the great arab revolt (arabic: الثورة العربية الكبرى‎, al-thawra al-‘arabiyya al-kubrā) was a military uprising of arab forces against the ottoman empire in the middle eastern theatre of world war i. on the basis of the mcmahon–hussein correspondence, an agreement between the british government and hussein bin ali, sharif of mecca, the revolt was officially initiated at mecca on june 10, 1916.[a] the aim of the revolt was to create a single unified and independent arab state stretching from aleppo in syria to aden in yemen, which the british had promised to recognize.

    the sharifian army led by hussein and the hashemites, with military backing from the british egyptian expeditionary force, successfully fought and expelled the ottoman military presence from much of the hejaz and transjordan. the rebellion eventually took damascus and set up a short-lived monarchy led by faisal, a son of hussein.

    following the sykes-picot agreement, the middle east was later partitioned by the british and french into mandate territories rather than a unified arab state, and the british reneged on their promise to support a unified independent arab state.

  • background
  • forces
  • conflicts
  • aftermath
  • views on the arab revolt
  • see also
  • notes
  • bibliography
  • further reading
  • external links

Arab Revolt
Part of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I
030Arab.jpg
Soldiers of the Sharifian Army in northern Yanbu carrying the Flag of the Arab Revolt.
DateJune 1916 – October 1918
Location
Result
Territorial
changes
Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire
Belligerents
Arab Revolt Kingdom of Hejaz
 United Kingdom
 France
 Ottoman Empire

 Germany
Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar
Commanders and leaders
Arab Revolt Hussein bin Ali
Arab Revolt Faisal bin Hussein
Arab Revolt Abdullah bin Hussein
Arab Revolt Ali bin Hussein
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Edmund Allenby
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland T. E. Lawrence
French Third Republic Édouard Brémond [fr]
Ottoman Empire Mehmed V
Ottoman Empire Djemal Pasha
Ottoman Empire Fakhri Pasha
Ottoman Empire Muhiddin Pasha

German Empire Otto Liman von Sanders
Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Saud bin Abdulaziz
Strength
30,000 (June 1916)[1]
50,000+ (1918)[2]
May 1916:
6,500–7,000 troops[3]
September 1918:
25,000 troops
340 guns[1]
Casualties and losses
Unknown Ottoman Empire 47,000+
5,000 killed
10,000 wounded[4]
22,000+ captured[5][6][7]
~10,000 disease deaths

The Arab Revolt (Arabic: الثورة العربية‎, al-Thawra al-‘Arabiyya; Turkish: Arap İsyanı) or the Great Arab Revolt (Arabic: الثورة العربية الكبرى‎, al-Thawra al-‘Arabiyya al-Kubrā) was a military uprising of Arab forces against the Ottoman Empire in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. On the basis of the McMahon–Hussein Correspondence, an agreement between the British government and Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, the revolt was officially initiated at Mecca on June 10, 1916.[a] The aim of the revolt was to create a single unified and independent Arab state stretching from Aleppo in Syria to Aden in Yemen, which the British had promised to recognize.

The Sharifian Army led by Hussein and the Hashemites, with military backing from the British Egyptian Expeditionary Force, successfully fought and expelled the Ottoman military presence from much of the Hejaz and Transjordan. The rebellion eventually took Damascus and set up a short-lived monarchy led by Faisal, a son of Hussein.

Following the Sykes-Picot Agreement, the Middle East was later partitioned by the British and French into mandate territories rather than a unified Arab state, and the British reneged on their promise to support a unified independent Arab state.