Atlantic Ocean

  • atlantic ocean
    map of the atlantic ocean
    extent of the atlantic ocean according to the 2002 iho definition, excluding arctic and antarctic regions
    coordinates0°n 25°w / 0°n 25°w / 0; -25[1]
    basin countrieslist of countries, ports
    surface area106,460,000 km2 (41,100,000 sq mi)[2][3]
    north atlantic: 41,490,000 km2 (16,020,000 sq mi),
    south atlantic 40,270,000 km2 (15,550,000 sq mi)[4]
    average depth3,646 m (11,962 ft)[4]
    max. depthpuerto rico trench
    8,376 m (27,480 ft)[5]
    water volume310,410,900 km3 (74,471,500 cu mi)[4]
    shore length1111,866 km (69,510 mi) including marginal seas[1]
    islandslist of islands
    trenchespuerto rico; south sandwich; romanche
    1 shore length is not a well-defined measure.
    file:atlantic ocean to africa.ogvplay media
    this video was taken by the crew of expedition 29 on board the iss. the pass starts from just northeast of the island of newfoundland over the north atlantic ocean to central africa, over south sudan.

    the atlantic ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans, with an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers (41,100,000 square miles).[2][3] it covers approximately 20 percent of earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area. it separates the "old world" from the "new world".

    the atlantic ocean occupies an elongated, s-shaped basin extending longitudinally between europe and africa to the east, and the americas to the west. as one component of the interconnected world ocean, it is connected in the north to the arctic ocean, to the pacific ocean in the southwest, the indian ocean in the southeast, and the southern ocean in the south (other definitions describe the atlantic as extending southward to antarctica). the equatorial counter current subdivides it into the north(ern) atlantic ocean and the south(ern) atlantic ocean at about 8°n.[6]

    scientific explorations of the atlantic include the challenger expedition, the german meteor expedition, columbia university's lamont-doherty earth observatory and the united states navy hydrographic office.[6]

  • etymology
  • extent and data
  • bathymetry
  • water characteristics
  • climate
  • geology and plate tectonics
  • history
  • economy
  • environmental issues
  • see also
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Atlantic Ocean
Map of the Atlantic Ocean
Extent of the Atlantic Ocean according to the 2002 IHO definition, excluding Arctic and Antarctic regions
Coordinates0°N 25°W / 0°N 25°W / 0; -25[1]
Basin countriesList of countries, ports
Surface area106,460,000 km2 (41,100,000 sq mi)[2][3]
North Atlantic: 41,490,000 km2 (16,020,000 sq mi),
South Atlantic 40,270,000 km2 (15,550,000 sq mi)[4]
Average depth3,646 m (11,962 ft)[4]
Max. depthPuerto Rico Trench
8,376 m (27,480 ft)[5]
Water volume310,410,900 km3 (74,471,500 cu mi)[4]
Shore length1111,866 km (69,510 mi) including marginal seas[1]
IslandsList of islands
TrenchesPuerto Rico; South Sandwich; Romanche
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.
This video was taken by the crew of Expedition 29 on board the ISS. The pass starts from just northeast of the island of Newfoundland over the North Atlantic Ocean to central Africa, over South Sudan.

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans, with an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers (41,100,000 square miles).[2][3] It covers approximately 20 percent of Earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area. It separates the "Old World" from the "New World".

The Atlantic Ocean occupies an elongated, S-shaped basin extending longitudinally between Europe and Africa to the east, and the Americas to the west. As one component of the interconnected World Ocean, it is connected in the north to the Arctic Ocean, to the Pacific Ocean in the southwest, the Indian Ocean in the southeast, and the Southern Ocean in the south (other definitions describe the Atlantic as extending southward to Antarctica). The Equatorial Counter Current subdivides it into the North(ern) Atlantic Ocean and the South(ern) Atlantic Ocean at about 8°N.[6]

Scientific explorations of the Atlantic include the Challenger expedition, the German Meteor expedition, Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and the United States Navy Hydrographic Office.[6]