Battle of Preston (1715)

See Battle of Preston (1648) for the battle of the Second English Civil War.
Battle of Preston
Part of the Jacobite rising of 1715 Also known as the 15
Date9–14 November 1715
Location
Preston, Lancashire, England, Europe
ResultBritish Government victory
Belligerents
Kingdom of Great Britain British Government forcesJacobite Standard (1745).svg Scottish and English Jacobite rebels
Commanders and leaders
Charles WillsMackintosh of Borlum
William Maxwell, 5th Earl of Nithsdale
James Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater
Thomas Forster, M.P for Northumberland
Strength
2,500–3,0001,700
Battle of Preston (1715) is located in England
Battle of Preston (1715)

The Battle of Preston (9–14 November 1715), also referred to as the Preston Fight, was fought during the Jacobite Rising of 1715 (often referred to as the First Jacobite Rising, or Rebellion by supporters of the Hanoverian government).

Background

The Jacobites moved south into England with little opposition, and by the time they reached Preston in Lancashire had grown to about 4,000 in number. Their horse troops entered Preston on the night of 9 November 1715, and as they approached two troops of dragoons and part of a militia regiment retreated to Wigan.

General Charles Wills was ordered to halt their advance, and left Manchester on 11 November with six regiments, arriving on the 12th. The Jacobite leader Thomas Forster, a Northumberland squire, had intended to move on that day, but, learning of Wills's approach, decided to stay and made the mistake of withdrawing troops from a strong defensive position at Ribble bridge, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) outside Preston.