Chinese Communist Revolution

  • chinese communist revolution
    中国人民解放战争
    (chinese people's war of liberation)
    反共衛國戡亂戰爭
    (national protection war against the communist rebellion)
    第二次國共內戰 / 第二次国共内战
    (second kuomintang-communist civil war)
    part of the chinese civil war (since 1927)
    part of the cold war (1947–1950)
    people's liberation army occupied the presidential palace 1949.jpg
    people's liberation army occupies the presidential palace in nanjing. april, 1949
    date1945–1950[note 1]
         (4 years, 4 months and 1 week) (kuomintang islamic insurgency against the people's republic of china's rule continued in the provinces of gansu, qinghai, ningxia, xinjiang, yunnan until 1958)
    location
    china
    result
    • communist victory and takeover of mainland china
    • people's republic of china established in mainland china
    • government of the republic of china evacuated to taiwan
    belligerents
    • flag of the chinese communist party (pre-1996).svg communist party
    • flag of the republic of china army.svg eighth route army (until 1947)
    • flag of the republic of china army.svg new fourth army (until 1947)
    •  republic of china
    • naval jack of the republic of china.svg nationalist party (kuomintang)
    • flag of the republic of china army.svg national revolutionary army (until 1947)
    • communist militia, etc.
    • flag of the people's liberation army.svg people's liberation army (since 1947)
    •  people's republic of china (since oct. 1, 1949)
    • roc ministry of national defense flag.svg republic of china armed forces (since 1947 constitution)
    •  republic of china on taiwan (after 1949 retreat)
    commanders and leaders
    • flag of the chinese communist party (pre-1996).svg flag of the people's republic of china.svg
      chairman mao zedong
    • flag of the chinese communist party (pre-1996).svg flag of the people's republic of china.svg
      commander-in-chief zhu de
    • naval jack of the republic of china.svg flag of the republic of china.svg
      president and director-general chiang kai-shek
    strength
    • 1,270,000 regulars (1945-09)
    • 2,800,000 regulars (1948-06)
    • 4,000,000 regulars (1949-06)
    • 4,300,000 (1946-07)
    • 3,650,000 (1948-06)
    • 1,490,000 (1949-06)
    casualties and losses
    250,000 in three campaigns 1.5 million in three campaigns[2]

    the chinese communist revolution, led by the communist party of china and chairman mao zedong, resulted in the proclamation of the people's republic of china, on 1 october 1949. the revolution began in 1946 after the second sino-japanese war (1937–1945) and was the second part of the chinese civil war (1945–49).[3] in china, the revolutionary period is known as the war of liberation (simplified chinese: 解放战争; traditional chinese: 解放戰爭; pinyin: jiěfàng zhànzhēng).

  • historical background
  • chinese civil war, 1945–1949
  • result
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • see also

Chinese Communist Revolution
中国人民解放战争
(Chinese People's War of Liberation)
反共衛國戡亂戰爭
(National Protection War against the Communist Rebellion)
第二次國共內戰 / 第二次国共内战
(Second Kuomintang-Communist Civil War)
Part of the Chinese Civil War (since 1927)
Part of the Cold War (1947–1950)
People's Liberation Army occupied the presidential palace 1949.jpg
People's Liberation Army occupies the Presidential Palace in Nanjing. April, 1949
Date1945–1950[note 1]
     (4 years, 4 months and 1 week) (Kuomintang Islamic insurgency against the People's Republic of China's rule continued in the provinces of Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Yunnan until 1958)
Location
China
Result
Belligerents
Commanders and leaders
Strength
  • 1,270,000 regulars (1945-09)
  • 2,800,000 regulars (1948-06)
  • 4,000,000 regulars (1949-06)
  • 4,300,000 (1946-07)
  • 3,650,000 (1948-06)
  • 1,490,000 (1949-06)
Casualties and losses
250,000 in three campaigns 1.5 million in three campaigns[2]

The Chinese Communist Revolution, led by the Communist Party of China and Chairman Mao Zedong, resulted in the proclamation of the People's Republic of China, on 1 October 1949. The revolution began in 1946 after the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) and was the second part of the Chinese Civil War (1945–49).[3] In China, the revolutionary period is known as the War of Liberation (simplified Chinese: 解放战争; traditional Chinese: 解放戰爭; pinyin: Jiěfàng Zhànzhēng).