Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of North Korea

Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 무력총사령관
Commander-in-chief role
Standard of the Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army.svg
Standard of the Commander-in-Chief
Kim Jong-un IKS 2018.jpg
Currently
Kim Jong-un

since 30 December 2011
Korean People's Army
Vested inChairman of the State Affairs Commission
ResidencePyongyang, North Korea
Formation5 July 1950
FirstKim Il-sung
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Chosŏn'gŭl
조선민주주의인민공화국 무력총사령관
Hancha
朝鲜民主主义人民共和国总司令
Revised RomanizationJoseonminjujuuiinmingonghwagug mulyeogchongsalyeong-gwan
McCune–ReischauerChosŏnminjujuŭiinmin'gonghwaguk muryŏkch'ongsaryŏnggwan

The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea[1] is the highest post in command of the Korean People's Army (KPA), the armed forces of North Korea, and is in charge of one of the largest standing armed forces in the world with around 1.8 million active duty military personnel and military reserves. Constitutionally, the position is attached to the office of Chairman of the State Affairs Commission.[1]

History

Kim Il-sung was the first Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army upon the founding of North Korea in 1948 after he was selected to be the leader of the country. He, upon assumption of power, organized the KPA and had the Soviet Union equip it with modern weapons, tanks, planes, artillery and ships deemed unusable by the Soviets and communist China. During the Korean War, Kim Il-sung, then the General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) as well as the premier of the government and KPA Supreme Commander, took care of the military operations only to be deprived of command by China in the latter stages.[clarification needed]. After the war, he resumed command of the KPA even after his election as President of North Korea in 1972. In the 1990s, since he was aged, Kim handed over the post of Supreme Commander of the KPA as well as the chairmanship of the country's National Defence Commission that supervises military matters to his son and designated heir as the next leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-il one year before his death in 1994. The elder Kim remained as the President of North Korea, General-Secretary of WPK and Chairman of the party's Central Military Commission, a party organ propagating politics in military affairs. After Kim Il-sung's death in 1994, Kim Jong-il, being the new leader of the country and the KPA Supreme Commander, imposed a Songun policy that prioritized the military affairs of the country before anything else. Kim Jong-il on his death in 2011 was succeeded by his son Kim Jong-un, who replaced him as the new leader of the country and military. Kim Jong-un was publicly declared as the new Supreme Commander by the Rodong Sinmun, on 24 December 2011 and officially appointed to the position on 30 December 2011.[2][3]