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|Founded||February 2, 1988|
|Dissolved||April 30, 2013|
|Headquarters||Londres 57, |
The Concertación (full Spanish name: Concertación de Partidos por la Democracia, English: Coalition of Parties for Democracy) was a coalition of
The parties and leaders that made the first Party Presidents' Council were:
||President||Designated as Concertación spokesperson.|
|Genaro Arriagada||Designated as Concertación executive secretary.|
||Secretary General||Leader of «PS-Almeyda» wing.|
|Secretary General||Juan Gutiérrez Soto||Leader of «PS-Histórico» wing.[note 1]|
|Secretary General||Manuel Mandujano||Leader of «PS-Mandujano» wing.[note 2]|
|Secretary General||Ricardo Núñez||Leader of the PS XXIV Congress.|
|President||Luis Fernando Luengo|
||Secretary General||Víctor Barrueto|
||Secretary General||Fernando Ávila Illanes|
||President||José Tomás Sáenz|
||President||Hugo Zepeda Barrios|
||President||Andrés Koryzma||[note 3]|
During the election campaign, the Coalition organized a colorful and cheerful campaign under the slogan "La alegría ya viene" ("Joy is coming"). Some Socialist factions were the last to join, because they were reluctant to work in the plebiscite, fearing election fraud by Pinochet. On October 5, 1988, the "NO" vote won with a 54% majority, and a
In that year, the coalition changed their name to Concertación de Partidos por la Democracia ("Concert of Parties for Democracy") and put forward
In the same year, the Humanist Party, the Christian Left, and the Greens left the Coalition, accusing it of betraying the purpose for which it was born. The Social Democrat Party and the Radical Party joined together to form the
Frei's government faced two main problems: an economic crisis was raising the unemployment rate, and General Pinochet had been arrested in London. Both situations led the Coalition to fear defeat in the 1999 presidential elections.
In 2005, two candidates were again proposed: the Christian Democrats'
On January 15, 2006, the runoff was held. Bachelet won with nearly the 54% of the votes, becoming the first female president of Chile. She was also the fourth Coalition candidate and third Socialist to win.