Connecticut Colony

  • connecticut colony

    1636–1776
    flag of connecticut
    flag
    map of the connecticut, new haven, and saybrook colonies
    map of the connecticut, new haven, and saybrook colonies
    statuscolony of england (1636–1707)
    colony of great britain (1707–76)
    capitalhartford (1636–1776)
    new haven (joint capital with hartford, 1701–76)
    common languagesenglish, mohegan-pequot, quiripi
    religion
    congregationalism
    governmentconstitutional monarchy
    legislaturegeneral court of the colony of connecticut
    history 
    • established
    march 3 1636
    • independence
    1776
    currencyconnecticut pound
    preceded by
    succeeded by
    saybrook colony
    new haven colony
    connecticut
    today part of united states
    •  connecticut

    the connecticut colony or colony of connecticut, originally known as the connecticut river colony or simply the river colony, was an english colony in new england which became the state of connecticut. it was organized on march 3, 1636 as a settlement for a puritan congregation, and the english permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the dutch. the colony was later the scene of a bloody war between the colonists and pequot indians known as the pequot war. connecticut colony played a significant role in the establishment of self-government in the new world with its refusal to surrender local authority to the dominion of new england, an event known as the charter oak incident which occurred at jeremy adams' inn and tavern.

    two other english settlements in the state of connecticut were merged into the colony of connecticut: saybrook colony in 1644 and new haven colony in 1662.

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Connecticut Colony

1636–1776
Flag of Connecticut
Map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies
Map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies
StatusColony of England (1636–1707)
Colony of Great Britain (1707–76)
CapitalHartford (1636–1776)
New Haven (joint capital with Hartford, 1701–76)
Common languagesEnglish, Mohegan-Pequot, Quiripi
Religion
Congregationalism
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
LegislatureGeneral Court of the Colony of Connecticut
History 
• Established
March 3 1636
1776
CurrencyConnecticut pound
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Saybrook Colony
New Haven Colony
Connecticut
Today part of United States

The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in New England which became the state of Connecticut. It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation, and the English permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the Dutch. The colony was later the scene of a bloody war between the colonists and Pequot Indians known as the Pequot War. Connecticut Colony played a significant role in the establishment of self-government in the New World with its refusal to surrender local authority to the Dominion of New England, an event known as the Charter Oak incident which occurred at Jeremy Adams' inn and tavern.

Two other English settlements in the State of Connecticut were merged into the Colony of Connecticut: Saybrook Colony in 1644 and New Haven Colony in 1662.