map of the connecticut, new haven, and saybrook colonies
|status||colony of england (1636–1707)|
colony of great britain (1707–76)
new haven (joint capital with hartford, 1701–76)
|common languages||english, mohegan-pequot, quiripi|
|legislature||general court of the colony of connecticut|
|march 3 1636|
|today part of|| united states
the connecticut colony or colony of connecticut, originally known as the connecticut river colony or simply the river colony, was an english colony in new england which became the state of connecticut. it was organized on march 3, 1636 as a settlement for a puritan congregation, and the english permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the dutch. the colony was later the scene of a bloody war between the colonists and pequot indians known as the pequot war. connecticut colony played a significant role in the establishment of self-government in the new world with its refusal to surrender local authority to the dominion of new england, an event known as the charter oak incident which occurred at jeremy adams' inn and tavern.
two other english settlements in the state of connecticut were merged into the colony of connecticut: saybrook colony in 1644 and new haven colony in 1662.