diplomatic recognition in international law is a unilateral political act with domestic and international legal consequences whereby a state acknowledges an act or status of another state or government in control of a state (may be also a recognized state). recognition can be reaccorded either de facto or de jure. recognition can be a declaration to that effect by the recognizing government or an act of recognition such as entering into a treaty with the other state. a vote by a country in the united nations in favour of the membership of another country is an implicit recognition of that country by the country so voting, as only states may be members of the un.
the non-recognition of particular acts of a state does not normally affect the recognition of the state itself. for example, the international rejection of the occupation of particular territory by a recognised state does not imply non-recognition of the state itself, nor a rejection of a change of government by illegal means.