Dutch expedition to Valdivia

  • dutch expedition to valdivia
    part of the eighty years' war
    hendrik brouwer.jpg
    hendrik brouwer organised and led the expedition until he died in chiloé
    date6 november 1642 – 28 december 1643
    (1 year, 1 month, 3 weeks and 1 day)
    location
    the pacific coast of spanish south america
    belligerents
    dutch republic dutch republic spain spain
    commanders and leaders
    dutch republic hendrik brouwer
    dutch republic elias herckmans
    chiloé forces:
    • spain andrés herrera 
    • spain fernando de alvarado
    response (1644–1645):
    • spain pedro de toledo
    • antonio de toledo
    • alonso de mujica
    • f. lópez de zúñiga
    • juan de acevedo
    strength
    several ships
    600 men
    map of the dutch expedition to valdivia in 1642–1643. the route of the expedition up to valdivia is shown in a blue line. the escape of the spanish to give notice in chile and peru is shown in red lines. dutch possessions are show in blue and spanish in red.

    the dutch expedition to valdivia was a naval expedition, commanded by hendrik brouwer, sent by the dutch republic in 1643 to establish a base of operations and a trading post on the southern coast of chile. with spain and the dutch republic at war, the dutch wished to take over the ruins of the abandoned spanish city of valdivia. the expedition sacked the spanish settlements of carelmapu and castro in the chiloé archipelago before sailing to valdivia. the dutch arrived in valdivia on 24 august 1643 and named the colony brouwershaven after brouwer, who had died several weeks earlier. the short-lived colony was abandoned on 28 october 1643. nevertheless, the occupation caused great alarm among spanish authorities. the spanish resettled valdivia and began the construction of an extensive network of fortifications in 1645 to prevent a similar intrusion. although contemporaries considered the possibility of a new incursion, the expedition was the last one undertaken by the dutch on the west coast of the americas.

  • background
  • expedition
  • spanish response
  • notes
  • references
  • bibliography

Dutch expedition to Valdivia
Part of the Eighty Years' War
Hendrik Brouwer.jpg
Hendrik Brouwer organised and led the expedition until he died in Chiloé
Date6 November 1642 – 28 December 1643
(1 year, 1 month, 3 weeks and 1 day)
Location
The Pacific coast of Spanish South America
Belligerents
Dutch Republic Dutch Republic Spain Spain
Commanders and leaders
Dutch Republic Hendrik Brouwer
Dutch Republic Elias Herckmans
Chiloé forces:
Response (1644–1645):
Strength
Several ships
600 men
Map of the Dutch expedition to Valdivia in 1642–1643. The route of the expedition up to Valdivia is shown in a blue line. The escape of the Spanish to give notice in Chile and Peru is shown in red lines. Dutch possessions are show in blue and Spanish in red.

The Dutch expedition to Valdivia was a naval expedition, commanded by Hendrik Brouwer, sent by the Dutch Republic in 1643 to establish a base of operations and a trading post on the southern coast of Chile. With Spain and the Dutch Republic at war, the Dutch wished to take over the ruins of the abandoned Spanish city of Valdivia. The expedition sacked the Spanish settlements of Carelmapu and Castro in the Chiloé Archipelago before sailing to Valdivia. The Dutch arrived in Valdivia on 24 August 1643 and named the colony Brouwershaven after Brouwer, who had died several weeks earlier. The short-lived colony was abandoned on 28 October 1643. Nevertheless, the occupation caused great alarm among Spanish authorities. The Spanish resettled Valdivia and began the construction of an extensive network of fortifications in 1645 to prevent a similar intrusion. Although contemporaries considered the possibility of a new incursion, the expedition was the last one undertaken by the Dutch on the west coast of the Americas.