map of the dutch expedition to valdivia in 1642–1643. the route of the expedition up to valdivia is shown in a blue line. the escape of the spanish to give notice in chile and peru is shown in red lines. dutch possessions are show in blue and spanish in red.
the dutch expedition to valdivia was a naval expedition, commanded by hendrik brouwer, sent by the dutch republic in 1643 to establish a base of operations and a trading post on the southern coast of chile. with spain and the dutch republic at war, the dutch wished to take over the ruins of the abandoned spanish city of valdivia. the expedition sacked the spanish settlements of carelmapu and castro in the chiloé archipelago before sailing to valdivia. the dutch arrived in valdivia on 24 august 1643 and named the colony brouwershaven after brouwer, who had died several weeks earlier. the short-lived colony was abandoned on 28 october 1643. nevertheless, the occupation caused great alarm among spanish authorities. the spanish resettled valdivia and began the construction of an extensive network of fortifications in 1645 to prevent a similar intrusion. although contemporaries considered the possibility of a new incursion, the expedition was the last one undertaken by the dutch on the west coast of the americas.