Empire of Japan

  • empire of great japan

    • 大日本帝国 (japanese)
    • dai nippon teikoku
    1868–1947
    flag of empire of japan
    flag
    imperial seal of empire of japan
    imperial seal
    motto: 五箇条の御誓文
    gokajō no goseimon (1868–1912)
    ("oath in five articles")
    八紘一宇
    hakkō ichiu (1940–1945)
    ("the world under one roof")
    anthem: 君が代
    kimigayo
    ("his imperial majesty's reign")
    the empire of japan at its peak in 1942:    territory (1870–1895)    acquisitions (1895–1930)    acquisitions (1930–1942)
    the empire of japan at its peak in 1942:
       territory (1870–1895)
       acquisitions (1895–1930)
       acquisitions (1930–1942)
    capitalkyoto (1868–1869)[1]
    tokyo city (1869–1943)
    tokyo (1943–1947)
    common languagesjapanese
    religion
    de jure: none
    de facto: state shinto[nb 1]
    government
    • daijō-kan under an absolute monarchy[5]
      (1868–1885)
    • constitutional monarchy
      (1885–1931)[6]
    • tōseiha military dictatorship under a constitutional monarchy
      (1931–1940)
    • shōwa statist one-party totalitarian dictatorship under a constitutional monarchy
      (1940–1945)
    • constitutional monarchy under allied occupation of japan
      (1945–1947)
    emperor 
    • 1868–1912
    meiji
    • 1912–1926
    taishō
    • 1926–1947
    shōwa
    prime minister 
    • 1885–1888 (first)
    itō hirobumi
    • 1946–1947 (last)
    shigeru yoshida
    legislatureimperial diet
    • upper house
    house of peers
    • lower house
    house of representatives
    historical erameiji • taishō • shōwa
    • meiji restoration
    3 january 1868[7]
    • meiji constitution
    29 november 1890
    • first sino-japanese war
    25 july 1894
    • russo-japanese war
    8 february 1904
    • world war i
    23 august 1914
    • mukden incident
    18 september 1931
    • second sino-japanese war
    7 july 1937
    • world war ii
    7 december 1941
    • surrender of japan
    2 september 1945
    • reconstituted
    3 may 1947[6]
    area
    1938[8]1,984,000 km2 (766,000 sq mi)
    population
    • 1920
    77,700,000a
    • 1940
    105,200,000b
    currencyjapanese yen
    japanese military yen
    preceded by
    succeeded by
    tokugawa shogunate
    occupied japan
    1. 56.0 million lived in japan proper.[9]
    2. 73.1 million lived in japan proper.[9]
    empire of japan
    japanese name
    kanji大日本帝国
    hiraganaだいにっぽんていこく
    だいにほんていこく
    katakanaダイニッポンテイコク
    ダイニホンテイコク
    kyūjitai大日本帝國
    empire of japan
    official term name
    official termempire of japan
    literal translation name
    literal translationimperial state of great japan

    the empire of japan (大日本帝國, dai nippon teikoku, literally "empire of great japan")[10] was the historical nation-state[nb 2] and great power that existed from the meiji restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern japan.[6]

    japan's rapid industrialization and militarization under the slogan fukoku kyōhei (富國強兵, "enrich the country, strengthen her armed forces") and shokusan kōgyō (殖産興業, "promote industry") led to its emergence as a world power and the establishment of a colonial empire following the first sino-japanese war, the boxer rebellion, the russo-japanese war, and world war i. economic and political turmoil in the 1920s led to the rise of militarism and totalitarianism, eventually culminating in japan's membership in the axis alliance and the conquest of a large part of the asia-pacific in world war ii.[13]

    japan's armed forces initially achieved large-scale military successes during the second sino-japanese war (1937–1945) and the pacific war. however, after many allied victories and following the soviet union's declaration of war against japan on august 9, 1945, and subsequent invasion of manchuria and other territories, and the atomic bombings of hiroshima and nagasaki, the empire surrendered to the allies on august 15, 1945. a period of occupation by the allies followed. in 1947, with american involvement, a new constitution was enacted, officially bringing the empire of japan to an end. occupation and reconstruction continued until 1952, eventually forming the current constitutional monarchy known as japan.

    the emperors during this time, which spanned the entire meiji, taishō, and the lesser part of the shōwa era, are now known in japan by their posthumous names, which coincide with those era names: emperor meiji (mutsuhito), emperor taishō (yoshihito), and emperor shōwa (hirohito).

  • terminology
  • background
  • meiji era (1868–1912)
  • taishō era (1912–1926)
  • early shōwa (1926–1930)
  • later shōwa (1931–1941) – expansionism and war
  • pacific war (1941–1945) (world war ii)
  • end of the empire of japan
  • influential personnel
  • notable scholars/scientists
  • timeline
  • emperors
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Empire of Great Japan

  • 大日本帝国 (Japanese)
  • Dai Nippon Teikoku
1868–1947
Motto: 五箇条の御誓文
Gokajō no Goseimon (1868–1912)
("Oath in Five Articles")
八紘一宇
Hakkō ichiu (1940–1945)
("The World Under One Roof")
Anthem: 君が代
Kimigayo
("His Imperial Majesty's Reign")
The Empire of Japan at its peak in 1942:    Territory (1870–1895)    Acquisitions (1895–1930)    Acquisitions (1930–1942)
The Empire of Japan at its peak in 1942:
   Territory (1870–1895)
   Acquisitions (1895–1930)
   Acquisitions (1930–1942)
CapitalKyoto (1868–1869)[1]
Tokyo City (1869–1943)
Tokyo (1943–1947)
Common languagesJapanese
Religion
De jure: None
De facto: State Shinto[nb 1]
Government
Emperor 
• 1868–1912
Meiji
• 1912–1926
Taishō
• 1926–1947
Shōwa
Prime Minister 
• 1885–1888 (first)
Itō Hirobumi
• 1946–1947 (last)
Shigeru Yoshida
LegislatureImperial Diet
House of Peers
House of Representatives
Historical eraMeiji • Taishō • Shōwa
3 January 1868[7]
29 November 1890
25 July 1894
8 February 1904
23 August 1914
18 September 1931
7 July 1937
7 December 1941
2 September 1945
3 May 1947[6]
Area
1938[8]1,984,000 km2 (766,000 sq mi)
Population
• 1920
77,700,000a
• 1940
105,200,000b
CurrencyJapanese yen
Japanese military yen
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Tokugawa shogunate
Occupied Japan
  1. 56.0 million lived in Japan proper.[9]
  2. 73.1 million lived in Japan proper.[9]
Empire of Japan
Japanese name
Kanji大日本帝国
Hiraganaだいにっぽんていこく
だいにほんていこく
Katakanaダイニッポンテイコク
ダイニホンテイコク
Kyūjitai大日本帝國
Empire of Japan
Official Term name
Official TermEmpire of Japan
Literal Translation name
Literal TranslationImperial State of Great Japan

The Empire of Japan (大日本帝國, Dai Nippon Teikoku, literally "Empire of Great Japan")[10] was the historical nation-state[nb 2] and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.[6]

Japan's rapid industrialization and militarization under the slogan Fukoku Kyōhei (富國強兵, "Enrich the Country, Strengthen her Armed Forces") and Shokusan Kōgyō (殖産興業, "Promote Industry") led to its emergence as a world power and the establishment of a colonial empire following the First Sino-Japanese War, the Boxer Rebellion, the Russo-Japanese War, and World War I. Economic and political turmoil in the 1920s led to the rise of militarism and totalitarianism, eventually culminating in Japan's membership in the Axis alliance and the conquest of a large part of the Asia-Pacific in World War II.[13]

Japan's armed forces initially achieved large-scale military successes during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) and the Pacific War. However, after many Allied victories and following the Soviet Union's declaration of war against Japan on August 9, 1945, and subsequent invasion of Manchuria and other territories, and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Empire surrendered to the Allies on August 15, 1945. A period of occupation by the Allies followed. In 1947, with American involvement, a new constitution was enacted, officially bringing the Empire of Japan to an end. Occupation and reconstruction continued until 1952, eventually forming the current constitutional monarchy known as Japan.

The Emperors during this time, which spanned the entire Meiji, Taishō, and the lesser part of the Shōwa era, are now known in Japan by their posthumous names, which coincide with those era names: Emperor Meiji (Mutsuhito), Emperor Taishō (Yoshihito), and Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito).