Erasmus

  • erasmus
    holbein-erasmus.jpg
    portrait of erasmus of rotterdam (1523)
    by hans holbein the younger
    bornc. 28 october 1466
    rotterdam or gouda, burgundian netherlands in the holy roman empire
    died12 july 1536(1536-07-12) (aged 69)
    basel, old swiss confederacy in the holy roman empire
    other namesdesiderius erasmus roterodamus, erasmus of rotterdam
    academic background
    alma materqueens' college, cambridge
    collège de montaigu, paris
    university of turin
    influences
    • epicureanism
    • cicero
    • socrates
    • plato
    • aristotle
    • augustine of hippo
    • thomas aquinas
    • jerome[1]
    • dante
    • giovanni pico della mirandola
    • john colet
    • alexander hegius
    • jan standonck
    academic work
    erarenaissance philosophy
    16th-century philosophy
    school or traditionchristian humanism
    institutionsuniversity of leuven
    main interestschristian philosophy
    renaissance humanism
    criticism of protestantism
    philosophy of language[2]
    notable works
    • in praise of folly
    • handbook of a christian knight
    • on civility in children
    • julius excluded
    • the education of a christian prince
    notable ideas
    • syncretism
    • erasmian pronunciation
    influenced
    • thomas more
    • pius v
    • damião de góis
    • martin luther
    • henry viii
    • john calvin
    • john milton
    • william tyndale
    • jacob milich
    • wolfgang capito
    • john colet
    • huldrych zwingli
    • john henry newman
    ecclesiastical career
    religionchristianity
    churchcatholic church
    ordained1492

    desiderius erasmus roterodamus (s/; 28 october 1466[3][4] – 12 july 1536), known as erasmus or erasmus of rotterdam,[note 1] was a dutch philosopher and christian scholar who is widely considered to have been one of the greatest scholars of the northern renaissance.[5] originally trained as a catholic priest, erasmus was an important figure in classical scholarship who wrote in a pure latin style. among humanists he enjoyed the sobriquet "prince of the humanists", and has been called "the crowning glory of the christian humanists".[6] using humanist techniques for working on texts, he prepared important new latin and greek editions of the new testament, which raised questions that would be influential in the protestant reformation and catholic counter-reformation. he also wrote on free will,[7] in praise of folly, handbook of a christian knight, on civility in children, copia: foundations of the abundant style, julius exclusus, and many other works.

    erasmus lived against the backdrop of the growing european religious reformation. while he was critical of the abuses within the catholic church and called for reform, he nonetheless kept his distance from luther, henry viii, and john calvin and continued to recognise the authority of the pope, emphasizing a middle way with a deep respect for traditional faith, piety and grace, and rejecting luther's emphasis on faith alone. erasmus remained a member of the catholic church all his life,[8] remaining committed to reforming the church and its clerics' abuses from within. he also held to the doctrine of synergism, which some reformers (calvinists) rejected in favor of the doctrine of monergism. his middle road ("via media") approach disappointed, and even angered, scholars in both camps.

    erasmus died suddenly in basel in 1536 while preparing to return to brabant and was buried in basel minster, the former cathedral of the city.[9] a bronze statue of erasmus was erected in 1622 in his city of birth, replacing an earlier work in stone.

  • early life
  • ordination and monastic experience
  • education and scholarship
  • spain's polyglot bible and erasmus' greek new testament
  • beginnings of protestantism
  • death
  • writings
  • legacy
  • representations
  • works
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Erasmus
Holbein-erasmus.jpg
Bornc. 28 October 1466
Died12 July 1536(1536-07-12) (aged 69)
Other namesDesiderius Erasmus Roterodamus, Erasmus of Rotterdam
Academic background
Alma materQueens' College, Cambridge
Collège de Montaigu, Paris
University of Turin
Influences
Academic work
EraRenaissance philosophy
16th-century philosophy
School or traditionChristian humanism
InstitutionsUniversity of Leuven
Main interestsChristian philosophy
Renaissance humanism
Criticism of Protestantism
Philosophy of Language[2]
Notable works
Notable ideas
Influenced
Ecclesiastical career
ReligionChristianity
ChurchCatholic Church
Ordained1492

Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (s/; 28 October 1466[3][4] – 12 July 1536), known as Erasmus or Erasmus of Rotterdam,[note 1] was a Dutch philosopher and Christian scholar who is widely considered to have been one of the greatest scholars of the northern Renaissance.[5] Originally trained as a Catholic priest, Erasmus was an important figure in classical scholarship who wrote in a pure Latin style. Among humanists he enjoyed the sobriquet "Prince of the Humanists", and has been called "the crowning glory of the Christian humanists".[6] Using humanist techniques for working on texts, he prepared important new Latin and Greek editions of the New Testament, which raised questions that would be influential in the Protestant Reformation and Catholic Counter-Reformation. He also wrote On Free Will,[7] In Praise of Folly, Handbook of a Christian Knight, On Civility in Children, Copia: Foundations of the Abundant Style, Julius Exclusus, and many other works.

Erasmus lived against the backdrop of the growing European religious Reformation. While he was critical of the abuses within the Catholic Church and called for reform, he nonetheless kept his distance from Luther, Henry VIII, and John Calvin and continued to recognise the authority of the pope, emphasizing a middle way with a deep respect for traditional faith, piety and grace, and rejecting Luther's emphasis on faith alone. Erasmus remained a member of the Catholic Church all his life,[8] remaining committed to reforming the church and its clerics' abuses from within. He also held to the doctrine of synergism, which some Reformers (Calvinists) rejected in favor of the doctrine of monergism. His middle road ("via media") approach disappointed, and even angered, scholars in both camps.

Erasmus died suddenly in Basel in 1536 while preparing to return to Brabant and was buried in Basel Minster, the former cathedral of the city.[9] A bronze statue of Erasmus was erected in 1622 in his city of birth, replacing an earlier work in stone.