Ethnopluralism (or ethno-pluralism), sometimes called ethno-differentialism, is a Nouvelle Droite concept which relies on preserving and mutually respecting individual and bordered ethno-cultural regions. A key component being the "right to difference" and strong support for cultural diversity. Proponents describe it as an alternative to multiculturalism and globalization, claiming that it strives to keep the world's different cultures alive by embracing their uniqueness and avoiding a one world doctrine in which every region is culturally identical. According to the concept of ethnopluralism significant foreign cultural elements in one region ought to be culturally assimilated leading to a cultural homogenization in the given region, the idea being many different cultures in different geographical areas.
The idea is closely associated with movements such as the European New Right, the Identitarian movement, and French political theorist Alain de Benoist.