## Exact sciences |

The **exact sciences**, sometimes called the **exact mathematical sciences**^{[1]} are those sciences "which admit of absolute precision in their results"; especially the ^{[2]} Examples of the exact sciences are mathematics, optics, astronomy, and physics, which many philosophers from ^{[3]} These sciences have been practiced in many cultures from Antiquity^{[4]}^{[5]} to modern times.^{[6]}^{[7]} Given their ties to mathematics, the exact sciences are characterized by accurate

The distinction between the quantitative exact sciences and those sciences which deal with the causes of things is due to Aristotle, who distinguished mathematics from natural philosophy and considered the exact sciences to be the "more natural of the branches of mathematics."^{[8]} ^{[9]} This distinction was widely, but not universally, accepted until the ^{[10]} ^{[11]}

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