the four species according to ashkenazi tradition
|halakhic texts relating to this article|
|babylonian talmud:||chapter 3|
the four species (hebrew: ארבעת המינים arba'at ha-minim, also called arba'a minim) are four plants mentioned in the torah (leviticus 23:40) as being relevant to the jewish holiday of sukkot. rabbinic jews tie together three types of branches and one type of fruit and wave them in a special ceremony each day of the sukkot holiday, excluding shabbat. the waving of the four plants is a mitzvah prescribed by the torah, and contains symbolic allusions to a jew's service of god. in karaite judaism, the sukkah is constructed with branches from the four specified plants.