warsaw 1939 refugees and soldier
the geneva convention relative to the protection of civilian persons in time of war, commonly referred to as the fourth geneva convention and abbreviated as gciv, is one of the four treaties of the geneva conventions. it was adopted in august 1949. while the first three conventions dealt with combatants, the fourth geneva convention was the first to deal with humanitarian protections for civilians in a war zone. there are currently 196 countries party to the 1949 geneva conventions, including this and the other three treaties.
in 1993, the united nations security council adopted a report from the secretary-general and a commission of experts which concluded that the geneva conventions had passed into the body of customary international law, thus making them binding on non-signatories to the conventions whenever they engage in armed conflicts.