Freedom of religion in Brunei

Freedom of Religion in Brunei
SuccessorReligion in Malaysia
ReligionHinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism and others
Religious presenceMajority belongs to (Sunni) Islam which is state religion of Brunei which constitutes 67% of population. There are other religions in Brunei with large community- Buddhists (13%), Christians (10%), other subscribe to other/various religions such as Hinduism, Indigenous beliefs, Atheists and agnostics (10%) and others
Islamic law and constitutionPresence
Part of-
Islamic law

}}An English translation of the Constitution states, "The official religion of Brunei Darussalam shall be the Islamic Religion: Provided that all other religions may be practised in peace and harmony by the persons professing them." The Constitution further clarifies, "“Islamic Religion” means the Islamic Religion according to the Shafeite sect [sic] of Ahlis Sunnah Waljamaah;" Despite the constitution specifiying the Shafi'i madhab, positions from the other three Sunni schools of fiqh (Hanafi, Maliki and Hanbali) may be consulted if required (and approved by the Sultan).[1][2]

However, in spite of the provision for freedom of religion, the Government is alleged to have imposed many restrictions on non-Sunni and non-Islamic religious practice.

Practitioners of non-Muslim faiths are not allowed to proselytize. All private schools offer voluntary Islamic instruction to Muslim students, and all post-secondary students are required to attend courses on the national Malay Muslim Monarchy ideology. Schools are not allowed to teach Christianity. The Government uses a range of municipal and planning laws and other legislation to restrict the expansion of religions other than official Islam.

The Government sponsored a multi-faith delegation to the ASEM Interfaith Dialogue in Cyprus in July 2006.

The country's various religious groups coexisted peacefully. The law discourages Muslims from learning about other faiths. At the same time, Islamic authorities organize a range of activities to explain and propagate Islam, as well as offering financial incentives and housing. The Government also funds construction of mosques.

Religious demography

In 2011, Brunei had a population of 422,700, including temporary residents. Of that population, 83% are Muslim, 7% are Buddhist, and less than 4% represent other faiths; the remainder did not state a religious affiliation.[3]

There are 110 mosques and prayer halls, six Christian churches, three Chinese temples, and one Hindu temple officially registered in the country.[3]

Proselytizing by faiths other than the officially sanctioned branch of Islam is not permitted. There are no missionaries reported working in the country.