Greeks

  • greeks
    Έλληνες
    total population
    c. 14 – c. 17 million[1][2]
    regions with significant populations
     greece  9,903,268[3][4]
    (2011 census)
     cyprus  721,000[5][6][7]
    (2011 estimate)
     united states1,279,000–3,000,000b (2016 estimate)[8][9]
     syria520,000f[10]
     germany443,000g (2016 estimate)[11]
     australia422,234 (2011 census)[12]
     united kingdom345,000–400,000 (2011 estimate)[13]
     lebanon250,000–300,000f[10][14][15][16]
     canada252,960c (2011 census)[17]
     albaniaover 215,000[18]
     jordan200,000 [19]
     south africa138,000 (2011 estimate)[20]
     italy110,000–200,000d (2013 estimate)[21][22][23]
     chile90,000–120,000[24]
     ukraine91,000 (2011 estimate)[25]
     russia85,640 (2010 census)[26]
     brazil50,000e[27]
     france35,000 (2013 estimate)[28]
     belgium35,000 (2011 estimate)[29]
     argentina30,000–50,000 (2013 estimate)[30]
     bulgaria28,500 (2011 estimate)[31]
     netherlands25,709[32]
     uruguay25,000–28,000 (2011 census)[33]
     sweden24,736 (2012 census)[34]
     georgia15,000 (2011 estimate)[35]
     czech republic12,000[36]
     kazakhstan10,000–12,000 (2011 estimate)[37]
      switzerland11,000 (2015 estimate)[38]
     romania10,000 (2013 estimate)[39]
     uzbekistan9,500 (2000 estimate)[40]
     egypt8,800[41]
     austria5,261[42]
     hungary4,454 (2016 census)[43]
     turkey4,000–49,143f[44][45]
    languages
    greek
    religion
    primarily greek orthodox church

    a citizens of greece and the republic of cyprus. the greek government does not collect information about ethnic self-determination at the national censuses.
    b includes those of ancestral descent.
    c those whose stated ethnic origins included "greek" among others. the number of those whose stated ethnic origin is solely "greek" is 145,250. an additional 3,395 cypriots of undeclared ethnicity live in canada.
    dapprox. 60,000 griko people and 30,000 post ww2 migrants.
    e "including descendants".
    f including antiochian greek christians and greek muslims.
    g includes people with "cultural roots".

    the greeks or hellenes (z/; greek: Έλληνες, Éllines [ˈelines]) are an ethnic group native to greece, cyprus, albania, italy, turkey, egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the mediterranean sea. they also form a significant diaspora, with greek communities established around the world.[46]

    greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the mediterranean sea and black sea, but the greek people have always been centered on the aegean and ionian seas, where the greek language has been spoken since the bronze age.[47][48] until the early 20th century, greeks were distributed between the greek peninsula, the western coast of asia minor, the black sea coast, cappadocia in central anatolia, egypt, the balkans, cyprus, and constantinople.[48] many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the byzantine empire of the late 11th century and the eastern mediterranean areas of ancient greek colonization.[49] the cultural centers of the greeks have included athens, thessalonica, alexandria, smyrna, and constantinople at various periods.

    in recent times, most ethnic greeks live within the borders of the modern greek state and cyprus. the greek genocide and population exchange between greece and turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old greek presence in asia minor. other longstanding greek populations can be found from southern italy to the caucasus and southern russia and ukraine and in the greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. today, most greeks are officially registered as members of the greek orthodox church.[50]

    throughout history, greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, visual arts, exploration, theatre, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, medicine, science, technology, commerce, cuisine and sports.

  • history
  • identity
  • culture
  • genetics
  • physical appearance
  • timeline
  • see also
  • notes
  • citations
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Greeks
Έλληνες
Total population
c. 14 – c. 17 million[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
 Greece  9,903,268[3][4]
(2011 census)
 Cyprus  721,000[5][6][7]
(2011 estimate)
 United States1,279,000–3,000,000b (2016 estimate)[8][9]
 Syria520,000f[10]
 Germany443,000g (2016 estimate)[11]
 Australia422,234 (2011 census)[12]
 United Kingdom345,000–400,000 (2011 estimate)[13]
 Lebanon250,000–300,000f[10][14][15][16]
 Canada252,960c (2011 census)[17]
 Albaniaover 215,000[18]
 Jordan200,000 [19]
 South Africa138,000 (2011 estimate)[20]
 Italy110,000–200,000d (2013 estimate)[21][22][23]
 Chile90,000–120,000[24]
 Ukraine91,000 (2011 estimate)[25]
 Russia85,640 (2010 census)[26]
 Brazil50,000e[27]
 France35,000 (2013 estimate)[28]
 Belgium35,000 (2011 estimate)[29]
 Argentina30,000–50,000 (2013 estimate)[30]
 Bulgaria28,500 (2011 estimate)[31]
 Netherlands25,709[32]
 Uruguay25,000–28,000 (2011 census)[33]
 Sweden24,736 (2012 census)[34]
 Georgia15,000 (2011 estimate)[35]
 Czech Republic12,000[36]
 Kazakhstan10,000–12,000 (2011 estimate)[37]
  Switzerland11,000 (2015 estimate)[38]
 Romania10,000 (2013 estimate)[39]
 Uzbekistan9,500 (2000 estimate)[40]
 Egypt8,800[41]
 Austria5,261[42]
 Hungary4,454 (2016 census)[43]
 Turkey4,000–49,143f[44][45]
Languages
Greek
Religion
Primarily Greek Orthodox Church

a Citizens of Greece and the Republic of Cyprus. The Greek government does not collect information about ethnic self-determination at the national censuses.
b Includes those of ancestral descent.
c Those whose stated ethnic origins included "Greek" among others. The number of those whose stated ethnic origin is solely "Greek" is 145,250. An additional 3,395 Cypriots of undeclared ethnicity live in Canada.
dApprox. 60,000 Griko people and 30,000 post WW2 migrants.
e "Including descendants".
f Including Antiochian Greek Christians and Greek Muslims.
g Includes people with "cultural roots".

The Greeks or Hellenes (z/; Greek: Έλληνες, Éllines [ˈelines]) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.[46]

Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.[47][48] Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople.[48] Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization.[49] The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods.

In recent times, most ethnic Greeks live within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.[50]

Throughout history, Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, visual arts, exploration, theatre, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, medicine, science, technology, commerce, cuisine and sports.