HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed

HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed
סמל הנוער העובד והלומד צבעוני.png
MottoLeAvoda, Hagana VeShalom - Aleh VeAgshem
(To Labour, Defense and Peace, Rise and Act)
Formation1924
TypeJewish Youth Movement
PurposeEducational
Location
Membership
Youth
General Secretary
Royi Yesod
Parent organization
Histadrut
noal.org.il

Histadrut HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed (Hebrew: הסתדרות הנוער העובד והלומד, lit. "Federation of Young Students and Workers" and most commonly translated as Working and Studying Youth), abbreviated No'al (נוֹעַ"ל),[1] is an Israeli youth movement, a sister movement of Habonim Dror, and affiliated with the Labor Zionist movement. The organisation is a member of the International Falcon Movement – Socialist Educational International.

History

HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed was founded in 1924. Initially it was called Hanoar HaOved ("Working Youth") and affiliated with the Histadrut. In 1959, the group joined HaTnua HaMeuhedet ("The United Movement") and the name was changed to HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed.[2]

In the 1990s, along with the decline of the kibbutz movement, HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed began re-examining the ideal life path of its members, which had always began settling kibbutzim in gar'inim after finishing their mandatory period of army service. Instead, a model started to be put forward in which bogrim ("graduates") of the movement formed small urban communes working in society, particularly in education. Today, there are about 1,000 members of HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed's Tnuat Bogrim ("Movement of Graduates") living in small communes in cities or kibbutzim and working in Israeli Society – mostly in education and the youth movement. The youth movement and the Tnuat Bogrim are called Dror Israel movement, which is named after the historical Dror movement in Europe.[citation needed]

Some of the graduates of the movement have become Knesset members, prime ministers, and presidents, such as Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Moshe Ya'alon.