Help:IPA/Standard German

The charts below show the way International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Standard German language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-de}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Standard German phonology and German orthography § Grapheme-to-phoneme correspondences for a more thorough look at the sounds of German.

Consonants
IPAExamplesEnglish approximation
bbeiball
çich, durch; China (DE)hue
ddanndone
ffür, von, Phänomenfuss
ɡgutguest
hhathut
jJahr, Yo-Yoyard
kkann, Tag,[1] cremen, sechscold
lLebenlast
Mantelbottle
mMannmust
großemrhythm
nNamenot
beidensudden
ŋlanglong
pPerson, ab[1]puck
pfPfefferroughly like cupful
ʁreden[2]French rouge
rfar (Scottish English)
slassen, Haus, großfast
ʃschon, Stadt, Champagner, Skishall
tTag, und, Stadt[1]tall
tsZeit, Platz, Potsdam, Cellecats
Matsch, Cellomatch
vwas, Vasevanish
xnachloch (no lock–loch merger)
zSie, diesezebra
ʔbeamtet[3]
([bəˈʔamtət])
the glottal stops in uh-oh!
Non-native consonants
Dschungel, Pidgin[4]jungle
ʒGenie, Entourage[4]pleasure
Stress
ˈBahnhofstraße
([ˈbaːnhoːfˌʃtʁaːsə])
as in battleship p/
ˌ
Vowels
IPAExamplesEnglish approximation
Monophthongs
aalles, Kalenderfather, but short
aber, sah, Staatfather
ɛEnde, hättebet
ɛːspät, wählen[5]RP hair
eben, gehen, Meermate
ɪistsit
liebe, Berlin, ihmseed
ɔkommenoff
oder, hohe, Bootstory
Ϛffnensomewhat like hurt
øːÖsterreich, Möhre, adieusomewhat like heard
ʊundpush
Hut, Kuhtrue
ʏmüssen, Ypsilonsomewhat like cute
über, Mühe, psychischsomewhat like few
Diphthongs
ein, Kaiser, Haydn, Verleih, Speyerhigh
aufvow
ɔʏEuro, Häuserroughly like choice
Reduced vowels
ɐimmer[2]frustration[6]
əNamebalance (but not sofa)[6]
Semivowels
ɐ̯Uhr[2]sofa
Studieyard
aktuellwould
Non-native vowels
ãːGourmand, Engagement, Restaurant, Chance[7]French Provence
ɛ̃ːPointe[7]French quinze
ɛɪ̯Mail[8]roughly like face
õːGarçon[7]French Le Monde
ɔʊ̯Code[8]American goat
œ̃ːParfum[7]French emprunte
œːɐ̯Gouverneur[9]roughly like RP bird
Shortened vowels
ãengagieren[7]French chanson
ɛ̃impair[7]French vingt-et-un
eElement[10]roughly like dress
iItalien[10]seat
ooriginell[10]story, but short
õfon[7]French Mont Blanc
œ̃Lundist[7]French vingt-et-un
øÖkonom[10]somewhat like hurt
uUniversität, Souvenir[10]truth
yPsychologie[10]like meet, but with the lips rounded

See also

  • If your browser does not display IPA symbols, you probably need to install a font that includes the IPA. Good free IPA fonts include Gentium and Charis SIL (more complete); a monospaced font is Everson Mono which is complete; download links can be found on those pages.
  • For a guide to adding pronunciations to Wikipedia articles, see the {{IPA}} template.
  • For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation#Entering IPA characters.