Himyarite Kingdom

  • himyarite kingdom

    𐩢𐩣𐩺𐩧𐩣
    110 bce–525 ce
    capitalzafar
    sana'a (from the beginning of the 4th century)[1]
    common languagesḤimyarite
    religion
    paganism
    judaism after 390 ce
    governmentmonarchy
    king 
    • 275–300 ce
    shammar yahri'sh
    • 390–420 ce
    abu karib as'ad
    • 510s–525 ce
    yusuf ash'ar dhu nuwas
    historical eraantiquity
    • established
    110 bce
    • disestablished
    525 ce
    preceded by
    succeeded by
    sabaeans
    kingdom of aksum

    the Ḥimyarite kingdom (arabic: مملكة حِمْيَر‎, mamlakat Ḥimyar, himyaritic: 𐩢𐩣𐩺𐩧𐩣, hebrew: ממלכת חִמְיָר) (fl. 110 bce–520s ce), historically referred to as the homerite kingdom by the greeks and the romans, was a kingdom in ancient yemen. established in 110 bce, it took as its capital the ancient city of zafar, to be followed at the beginning of the 4th century by what is the modern-day city of sana'a.[1] the kingdom conquered neighbouring saba' in c. 25 bce (for the first time), qataban in c. 200 ce, and haḍramaut c. 300 ce. its political fortunes relative to saba' changed frequently until it finally conquered the sabaean kingdom around 280.[2] himyar then endured until it finally fell to invaders from the kingdom of aksum in 525 ce.[3]

  • history
  • ancestral divisions of himyar
  • language
  • dynasties and rulers after the spread of islam
  • see also
  • references
  • bibliography
  • external links

Himyarite Kingdom

𐩢𐩣𐩺𐩧𐩣
110 BCE–525 CE
CapitalZafar
Sana'a (from the beginning of the 4th century)[1]
Common languagesḤimyarite
Religion
Paganism
Judaism after 390 CE
GovernmentMonarchy
King 
• 275–300 CE
Shammar Yahri'sh
• 390–420 CE
Abu Karib As'ad
• 510s–525 CE
Yusuf Ash'ar Dhu Nuwas
Historical eraAntiquity
• Established
110 BCE
• Disestablished
525 CE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Sabaeans
Kingdom of Aksum

The Ḥimyarite Kingdom (Arabic: مملكة حِمْيَر‎, Mamlakat Ḥimyar, Himyaritic: 𐩢𐩣𐩺𐩧𐩣, Hebrew: ממלכת חִמְיָר) (fl. 110 BCE–520s CE), historically referred to as the Homerite Kingdom by the Greeks and the Romans, was a kingdom in ancient Yemen. Established in 110 BCE, it took as its capital the ancient city of Zafar, to be followed at the beginning of the 4th century by what is the modern-day city of Sana'a.[1] The kingdom conquered neighbouring Saba' in c. 25 BCE (for the first time), Qataban in c. 200 CE, and Haḍramaut c. 300 CE. Its political fortunes relative to Saba' changed frequently until it finally conquered the Sabaean Kingdom around 280.[2] Himyar then endured until it finally fell to invaders from the Kingdom of Aksum in 525 CE.[3]