## Inference |

- this article includes a
, butlist of references **its sources remain unclear**because it has**insufficient**.inline citations *(april 2010)**(* )learn how and when to remove this template message **inferences**are steps in , moving fromreasoning topremises ; etymologically, the wordlogical consequences means to "carry forward". inference is theoretically traditionally divided intoinfer anddeduction , a distinction that in europe dates at least toinduction (300s bce). deduction is inferencearistotle deriving from premises known or assumed to belogical conclusions , with thetrue being studied inlaws of valid inference . induction is inference fromlogic premises to aparticular conclusion. a third type of inference is sometimes distinguished, notably byuniversal , distinguishingcharles sanders peirce from induction.abduction various fields study how inference is done in practice. human inference (i.e. how humans draw conclusions) is traditionally studied within the field of

;cognitive psychology researchers develop automated inference systems to emulate human inference.artificial intelligence uses mathematics to draw conclusions in the presence of uncertainty. this generalizes deterministic reasoning, with the absence of uncertainty as a special case. statistical inference uses quantitative or qualitative (categorical) data which may be subject to random variations.statistical inference - definition
- examples
- incorrect inference
- applications
- see also
- references
- further reading
- external links

This article includes a its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient . (April 2010) ( |

**Inferences** are steps in *infer* means to "carry forward". Inference is theoretically traditionally divided into

Various fields study how inference is done in practice. Human inference (i.e. how humans draw conclusions) is traditionally studied within the field of