Institution

  • institutions, according to samuel p. huntington, are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior".[1] further, institutions can refer to mechanisms which govern the behavior of a set of individuals within a given community; moreover, institutions are identified with a social purpose, transcending individuals and intentions by mediating the rules that govern living behavior.[2] according to geoffrey m. hodgson, it is misleading to say that an institution is a form of behavior. instead, hodgson states that institution are "integrated systems of rules that structure social interactions".[3]

    the term "institution" commonly applies to both informal institutions such as customs, or behavior patterns important to a society, and to particular formal institutions created by entities such as the government and public services. primary or meta-institutions are institutions such as the family that are broad enough to encompass other institutions.

    institutions are a principal object of study in social sciences such as political science, anthropology, economics, and sociology (the latter described by Émile durkheim as the "science of institutions, their genesis and their functioning").[4] institutions are also a central concern for law, the formal mechanism for political rule-making and enforcement.

  • definition
  • examples
  • informal institutions
  • social science perspectives
  • institutionalization
  • see also
  • references
  • bibliography
  • further reading

Institutions, according to Samuel P. Huntington, are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior".[1] Further, institutions can refer to mechanisms which govern the behavior of a set of individuals within a given community; moreover, institutions are identified with a social purpose, transcending individuals and intentions by mediating the rules that govern living behavior.[2] According to Geoffrey M. Hodgson, it is misleading to say that an institution is a form of behavior. Instead, Hodgson states that institution are "integrated systems of rules that structure social interactions".[3]

The term "institution" commonly applies to both informal institutions such as customs, or behavior patterns important to a society, and to particular formal institutions created by entities such as the government and public services. Primary or meta-institutions are institutions such as the family that are broad enough to encompass other institutions.

Institutions are a principal object of study in social sciences such as political science, anthropology, economics, and sociology (the latter described by Émile Durkheim as the "science of institutions, their genesis and their functioning").[4] Institutions are also a central concern for law, the formal mechanism for political rule-making and enforcement.