saint isidore of seville
st. isidore of seville
(1655), depicted by bartolomé esteban murillo
|bishop, confessor, and church father|
cartagena, spania, byzantine empire
|died||4 april 636 (aged 79–80)|
seville, visigothic kingdom
|venerated in||catholic church|
eastern orthodox church
|canonized||653 by the eighth council of toledo|
|attributes||bees; bishop holding a pen while surrounded by a swarm of bees; bishop standing near a beehive; old bishop with a prince at his feet; pen; priest or bishop with pen and book; with saint leander, saint fulgentius, and saint florentina; with his etymologiae|
|patronage||the internet, computer users, computer technicians, programmers, students|
isidore of seville
|influences||eusebius, augustine, jerome, paul the apostle|
|school or tradition||etymology|
|main interests||grammar, rhetoric, mathematics, medicine, law, languages, cities, animals and birds, the physical world, geography.|
|influenced||the councils of toledo, dante, the renaissance and the middle ages in general|
saint isidore of seville (/; latin: isidorus hispalensis; seville, c. 560 – seville, 4 april 636), was a scholar and, for over three decades, archbishop of seville. he is widely regarded, in the oft-quoted words of the 19th-century historian montalembert, as "the last scholar of the ancient world."
at a time of disintegration of classical culture, and aristocratic violence and illiteracy, he was involved in the conversion of the arian visigothic kings to catholicism, both assisting his brother leander of seville, and continuing after his brother's death. he was influential in the inner circle of sisebut, visigothic king of hispania. like leander, he played a prominent role in the councils of toledo and seville. the visigothic legislation that resulted from these councils influenced the beginnings of representative government.
his fame after his death was based on his etymologiae, an etymological encyclopedia which assembled extracts of many books from classical antiquity that would have otherwise been lost.