Islamic State of Afghanistan

Islamic State of Afghanistan

دولت اسلامی افغانستان
Dowlat-e Eslami-ye Afghanestan
دا افغانستان اسلامی دولت
Da Afghanistan Islami Dowlat
1992–2002 (de jure)
1992–1996, 2001–2002 (de facto) (Taliban occupation: 1996–2001)
Flag of Afghanistan
Flag (1992–2001, de jure, 1992–1996, de facto)
Motto: lā ʾilāha ʾillà l-Lāh, Muḥammadun rasūlu l-Lāh
لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله
"There is no god but Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of Allah"
Anthem: قلعه اسلام قلب اسیا
(English: "Fortress of Islam, Heart of Asia")
Location of Afghanistan
CapitalKabul (de jure)
Capital-in-exileNorthern Afghanistan
(1996–2001, during occupation)
Common languagesPashto, Dari
Religion
Islam
GovernmentUnitary Islamic provisional government (1992–1996, 2001–2002)
Government-in-exile (1996–2001)
President 
• 1992
Sibghatullah Mojaddedi
• 1992–2001
Burhanuddin Rabbani
• 2001–2002
Hamid Karzai
Prime Minister 
• 1992
Abdul Kohistani (first)
• 1997
Abdul Rahim Ghafoorzai (last)
Historical eraCivil War / War on Terror
24 April 1992
19 June 2002
CurrencyAfghan afghani (AFA)
Calling code93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Republic of Afghanistan
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan
Today part ofAfghanistan
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Related historical names of the region

The Islamic State of Afghanistan[1] (Persian: دولت اسلامی افغانستان‎, Dowlat-e Eslami-ye Afghanestan, Pashto: دا افغانستان اسلامی دولت‎, Da Afghanistan Islami Dowlat) was the interim government of Afghanistan,[2] established by the Peshawar Accords on 26 April 1992 by many, but not all, mujahideen Afghan parties,[3][4] after the fall of the communist government. From 1996, it existed alongside the Taliban-ruled Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, until the Taliban Government was overthrown by the United States in 2001 during the War in Afghanistan.

Background

In March 1992, President Mohammad Najibullah, having lost the Russian support that upheld his government, agreed to resign and make way for a neutral, interim government. Several mujahideen parties started negotiations to form a national coalition government. But one group, the Hezb-e Islam led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, presumably supported and directed by Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), did not join the negotiations and announced its intent to conquer Kabul alone. Hekmatyar moved his troops to Kabul, and was allowed into the town soon after 17 April. This left the other mujahideen groups no choice but to enter Kabul, on 24 April, to prevent Hekmatyar from taking over national government.[3][5]
This ignited a civil war between five or six rival armies, (nearly) all backed by foreign states. Several mujahideen groups proclaimed an 'interim government' on 26 April 1992 but this never attained real authority over Afghanistan.