Juliana of the Netherlands

  • juliana
    prinses juliana 1981.jpg
    juliana in 1981
    queen of the netherlands
    reign4 september 1948 – 30 april 1980
    inauguration6 september 1948
    predecessorwilhelmina
    successorbeatrix
    prime ministerssee list
    born(1909-04-30)30 april 1909
    noordeinde palace, the hague, netherlands
    died20 march 2004(2004-03-20) (aged 94)
    soestdijk palace, baarn, netherlands
    burial30 march 2004
    nieuwe kerk, delft, netherlands
    spouse
    prince bernhard of lippe-biesterfeld (m. 1937)
    issuebeatrix of the netherlands
    princess irene
    princess margriet
    princess christina
    full name
    juliana louise emma marie wilhelmina
    houseorange-nassau (official)
    mecklenburg (agnatic)
    fatherduke henry of mecklenburg-schwerin
    motherwilhelmina of the netherlands
    religiondutch reformed church

    juliana (dutch pronunciation: [ˌjyliˈjaːnaː]); juliana louise emma marie wilhelmina; (30 april 1909 – 20 march 2004) was queen of the netherlands from 1948 until her abdication in 1980.

    juliana was the only child of queen wilhelmina and prince henry of mecklenburg-schwerin. she received a private education and studied international law at the university of leiden. in 1937, she married prince bernhard of lippe-biesterfeld with whom she had four children: beatrix, irene, margriet, and christina. during the german invasion of the netherlands in the second world war, the royal family was evacuated to the united kingdom. juliana proceeded to relocate to canada with her children, while wilhelmina and bernhard remained in britain. the royal family returned to the netherlands after its liberation in 1945.

    due to wilhelmina's failing health, juliana took over royal duties briefly in 1947 and 1948. in september 1948 wilhelmina abdicated and juliana ascended to the dutch throne. her reign saw the decolonization and independence of the dutch east indies (now indonesia) and suriname. despite a series of controversies involving the royal family, juliana remained a popular figure among the dutch.

    in april 1980, juliana abdicated in favour of her eldest daughter beatrix. upon her death in 2004 at the age of 94, she was the longest-lived former reigning monarch in the world.

  • early life and education
  • marriage
  • canadian exile
  • reign
  • illness and death
  • titles, styles, honours, awards and arms
  • issue
  • ancestry
  • legacy
  • references
  • external links

Juliana
Prinses Juliana 1981.jpg
Juliana in 1981
Queen of the Netherlands
Reign4 September 1948 – 30 April 1980
Inauguration6 September 1948
PredecessorWilhelmina
SuccessorBeatrix
Prime MinistersSee list
Born(1909-04-30)30 April 1909
Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Netherlands
Died20 March 2004(2004-03-20) (aged 94)
Soestdijk Palace, Baarn, Netherlands
Burial30 March 2004
Nieuwe Kerk, Delft, Netherlands
Spouse
IssueBeatrix of the Netherlands
Princess Irene
Princess Margriet
Princess Christina
Full name
Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina
HouseOrange-Nassau (official)
Mecklenburg (agnatic)
FatherDuke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
MotherWilhelmina of the Netherlands
ReligionDutch Reformed Church

Juliana (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌjyliˈjaːnaː]); Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina; (30 April 1909 – 20 March 2004) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1948 until her abdication in 1980.

Juliana was the only child of Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. She received a private education and studied international law at the University of Leiden. In 1937, she married Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld with whom she had four children: Beatrix, Irene, Margriet, and Christina. During the German invasion of the Netherlands in the Second World War, the royal family was evacuated to the United Kingdom. Juliana proceeded to relocate to Canada with her children, while Wilhelmina and Bernhard remained in Britain. The royal family returned to the Netherlands after its liberation in 1945.

Due to Wilhelmina's failing health, Juliana took over royal duties briefly in 1947 and 1948. In September 1948 Wilhelmina abdicated and Juliana ascended to the Dutch throne. Her reign saw the decolonization and independence of the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) and Suriname. Despite a series of controversies involving the royal family, Juliana remained a popular figure among the Dutch.

In April 1980, Juliana abdicated in favour of her eldest daughter Beatrix. Upon her death in 2004 at the age of 94, she was the longest-lived former reigning monarch in the world.