Likud

  • likud

    הליכוד
    chairpersonbenjamin netanyahu
    foundermenachem begin
    founded1973 (alliance)
    1988 (unified party)
    merger ofgahal (herut and liberal party), free centre, national list and movement for greater israel
    headquartersmetzudat ze'ev
    38 king george street
    tel aviv, israel
    youth winglikud youth
    lgbt winglikud pride
    membership (2012)125,000
    ideologynational liberalism[1][2][3][4]
    economic liberalism[5]
    zionism[6]
    liberal conservatism[7]
    national conservatism[6][8][9]
    right-wing populism[10]
    historical:
    revisionist zionism[11][12]
    political positioncentre-right[4][13] to
    right-wing[14][15][16][17]
    european affiliationeuropean conservatives and reformists party (regional partner)[18]
    international affiliationinternational democrat union
    colours     blue
    anthem
    "ג'ינגל הליכוד"[19]
    "the likud jingle"
    www.likud.org.il
    • politics of israel
    • political parties
    • elections

    likud (hebrew: הַלִּיכּוּד, translit. halikud, lit., the consolidation), officially the likud – national liberal movement, is a centre-right to right-wing political party[20][13] in israel. a secular party,[21] it was founded in 1973 by menachem begin and ariel sharon in an alliance with several right-wing parties. likud's landslide victory in the 1977 elections was a major turning point in the country's political history, marking the first time the left had lost power. in addition, it was the first time in israel that a right-wing party won the plurality of the votes.[22] however, after ruling the country for most of the 1980s, the party lost the knesset election in 1992. nevertheless, likud's candidate benjamin netanyahu did win the vote for prime minister in 1996 and was given the task of forming a government after the 1996 elections. netanyahu's government fell apart after a vote of no confidence, which led to elections being called in 1999 and likud losing power to the one israel coalition led by ehud barak.

    in 2001, likud's ariel sharon, who replaced netanyahu following the 1999 election, defeated barak in an election called by the prime minister following his resignation. after the party recorded a convincing win in the 2003 elections, likud saw a major split in 2005 when sharon left to form the kadima party. this resulted in likud slumping to fourth place in the 2006 elections and losing 28 seats in the knesset. following the 2009 elections, likud was able to gain 15 seats, and, with netanyahu back in control of the party, formed a coalition with fellow right-wing parties yisrael beiteinu and shas to take control of the government from kadima, which earned a plurality, but not a majority. netanyahu has been prime minister since and likud had been the leading vote-getter in each election until april 2019, when likud tied with blue and white[23] and september 2019, when blue and white won one more seat than the likud.[24]

    a member of the party is called a likudnik (hebrew: לִכּוּדְנִיק).[25]

  • history
  • ideological positions
  • leaders
  • current mks
  • party organs
  • knesset election results
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Likud

הליכוד
ChairpersonBenjamin Netanyahu
FounderMenachem Begin
Founded1973 (alliance)
1988 (unified party)
Merger ofGahal (Herut and Liberal Party), Free Centre, National List and Movement for Greater Israel
HeadquartersMetzudat Ze'ev
38 King George Street
Tel Aviv, Israel
Youth wingLikud Youth
LGBT wingLikud Pride
Membership (2012)125,000
IdeologyNational liberalism[1][2][3][4]
Economic liberalism[5]
Zionism[6]
Liberal conservatism[7]
National conservatism[6][8][9]
Right-wing populism[10]
Historical:
Revisionist Zionism[11][12]
Political positionCentre-right[4][13] to
right-wing[14][15][16][17]
European affiliationEuropean Conservatives and Reformists Party (regional partner)[18]
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union
Colours     Blue
Anthem
"ג'ינגל הליכוד"[19]
"The Likud Jingle"
www.likud.org.il

Likud (Hebrew: הַלִּיכּוּד, translit. HaLikud, lit., The Consolidation), officially the Likud – National Liberal Movement, is a centre-right to right-wing political party[20][13] in Israel. A secular party,[21] it was founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin and Ariel Sharon in an alliance with several right-wing parties. Likud's landslide victory in the 1977 elections was a major turning point in the country's political history, marking the first time the left had lost power. In addition, it was the first time in Israel that a right-wing party won the plurality of the votes.[22] However, after ruling the country for most of the 1980s, the party lost the Knesset election in 1992. Nevertheless, Likud's candidate Benjamin Netanyahu did win the vote for Prime Minister in 1996 and was given the task of forming a government after the 1996 elections. Netanyahu's government fell apart after a vote of no confidence, which led to elections being called in 1999 and Likud losing power to the One Israel coalition led by Ehud Barak.

In 2001, Likud's Ariel Sharon, who replaced Netanyahu following the 1999 election, defeated Barak in an election called by the Prime Minister following his resignation. After the party recorded a convincing win in the 2003 elections, Likud saw a major split in 2005 when Sharon left to form the Kadima party. This resulted in Likud slumping to fourth place in the 2006 elections and losing 28 seats in the Knesset. Following the 2009 elections, Likud was able to gain 15 seats, and, with Netanyahu back in control of the party, formed a coalition with fellow right-wing parties Yisrael Beiteinu and Shas to take control of the government from Kadima, which earned a plurality, but not a majority. Netanyahu has been Prime Minister since and Likud had been the leading vote-getter in each election until April 2019, when Likud tied with Blue and White[23] and September 2019, when Blue and White won one more seat than the Likud.[24]

A member of the party is called a Likudnik (Hebrew: לִכּוּדְנִיק).[25]