List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa

Africa (orthographic projection).svg

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa. It includes both fully recognised states, states with limited or zero recognition, and dependent territories of both African and non-African states. It lists 54 sovereign states and 10 non-sovereign territories.

Malta and parts of France, Italy, Portugal, and Spain are located on the African continental plate, some considerably closer to the African than European mainland, but politically are generally considered European by convention. Similarly, the island of Socotra is also on the African plate and much closer to Africa, but is politically part of the Asian state of Yemen. Egypt, although extending into Asia through the Sinai Peninsula, is considered an African state.

Sovereign states

Recognised states

The following 54 fully recognised states are all members of the United Nations[1] and the African Union.[2][3][4][5]

* = Membership in African Union suspended[n 1]
Flag Map English short and formal names
[6][7][8]
Domestic short and formal names[6][7] Capital
[8][9][10]
Population[a][b]
[11][12]
Area[a][b]
[13]
Flag of Algeria
Location Algeria AU Africa.svg Algeria

People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Arabic: الجزائر — الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية (al-Jazāʼir—al-Jumhūriyya al-Jazāʾiriyya d-Dimuqrāṭiyya al-Šaʾbiyya) Algiers

Arabic: الجزائر (al-Jazā’er)
42,734,474 2,381,740 km2 (919,595 sq mi)
Flag of Angola.svg
Location Angola AU Africa.svg Angola

Republic of Angola
Portuguese: Angola—República de Angola Luanda

Portuguese: Luanda
31,850,503 1,246,700 km2 (481,354 sq mi)
Flag of Benin.svg
Location Benin AU Africa.svg Benin

Republic of Benin
French: Bénin—République du Bénin Porto-Novo

French: Porto-Novo
11,822,102 112,622 km2 (43,484 sq mi)
Flag of Botswana.svg
Location Botswana AU Africa.svg Botswana

Republic of Botswana
English: Botswana—Republic of Botswana

Tswana: Botswana—Lefatshe la Botswana
Gaborone

English: Gaborone

Tswana: Gaborone
2,378,064 581,726 km2 (224,606 sq mi)
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg
Location Burkina Faso AU Africa.svg Burkina Faso French: Burkina Faso Ouagadougou

French: Ouagadougou
20,368,357 274,000 km2 (105,792 sq mi)
Flag of Burundi.svg
Location Burundi AU Africa.svg Burundi

Republic of Burundi
Kirundi: Burundi—Republika y'u Burundi

French: Burundi—République du Burundi
Gitega

Kirundi: Gitega

French: Gitega
11,605,933 27,830 km2 (10,745 sq mi)
Flag of Cameroon.svg
Location Cameroon AU Africa.svg Cameroon

Republic of Cameroon
English: Cameroon—Republic of Cameroon

French: Cameroun—République du Cameroun
Yaoundé

English: Yaoundé

French: Yaoundé
25,312,993 475,442 km2 (183,569 sq mi) includes the Cameroonian-administered parts of Southern Cameroons (claimed as the Republic of Ambazonia by the Southern Cameroons Peoples Organisation).
Flag of Cape Verde.svg
Location Cape Verde AU Africa.svg Cape Verde

Republic of Cabo Verde
Portuguese: Cabo Verde—República de Cabo Verde Praia

Portuguese: Praia
560,928 4,033 km2 (1,557 sq mi)
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg
Location Central African Republic AU Africa.svg Central African Republic Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka

French: République centrafricaine
Bangui

French: Bangui
4,825,711 622,984 km2 (240,535 sq mi)
Flag of Chad.svg
Location Chad AU Africa.svg Chad

Republic of Chad
Arabic: تشاد — جمهورية تشاد (Tšād—Jumhūriyyat Tšād)

French: Tchad—République du Tchad
N'Djamena

Arabic: نجامينا (Nijāmīnā)

French: Ndjamena
15,814,345 1,284,000 km2 (495,755 sq mi)
Flag of the Comoros.svg
Location Comoros AU Africa.svg Comoros

Union of the Comoros
Arabic: جزر القمر — جمهورية القمر المتحدة (Juzur al-Qamar—Jumhūriyyat al-Qamar al-Muttaḥida)

Comorian: Komori—Udzima wa Komori

French: Comores—Union des Comores
Moroni

Arabic: موروني (Mūrūnī)

French: Moroni
850,910 2,235 km2 (863 sq mi)
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
Location DR Congo AU Africa.svg Democratic Republic of the Congo[n 2] French: République démocratique du Congo Kinshasa

French: Kinshasa
86,727,573 2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg
Location Republic of the Congo AU Africa.svg Republic of the Congo[n 3] French: République du Congo Brazzaville

French: Brazzaville
5,542,197 342,000 km2 (132,047 sq mi)
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg
Location Côte d'Ivoire AU Africa.svg Côte d'Ivoire

Republic of Côte d'Ivoire
French: Côte d'Ivoire—République de Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro

French: Yamoussoukro
25,531,083 322,460 km2 (124,503 sq mi)
Flag of Djibouti.svg
Location Djibouti AU Africa.svg Djibouti

Republic of Djibouti
Arabic: جيبوتي — جمهورية جيبوتي (Jibūti—Jumhūrīyat Jibūti)

French: Djibouti—République de Djibouti
Djibouti City

Arabic: مدينة جيبوتي (Jibūti Madīna)

French: Ville de Djibouti
971,408 23,200 km2 (8,958 sq mi)
Flag of Egypt.svg
Location Egypt AU Africa.svg Egypt

Arab Republic of Egypt[n 4]
Arabic: مصر — جمهورية مصر العربية (Miṣr—Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʿArabiyya) Cairo

Arabic: القاهرة (al-Qāhirah)
101,168,745 1,001,449 km2 (386,662 sq mi)
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg
Location Equatorial Guinea AU Africa.svg Equatorial Guinea

Republic of Equatorial Guinea
French: Guinée équatoriale—République de Guinée équatoriale

Portuguese: Guiné Equatorial—República da Guiné Equatorial

Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial—República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Malabo[n 5]

French: Malabo

Portuguese: Malabo

Spanish: Malabo
1,360,104 28,051 km2 (10,831 sq mi)
Flag of Eritrea.svg
Location Eritrea AU Africa.svg Eritrea

State of Eritrea
Arabic: إرتريا — دولة إرتريا (ʾIritriyā—Dawlat ʾIritriyā)

English: Eritrea—State of Eritrea

Tigrinya: ኤርትራ — ሃገረ ኤርትራ (ʾErtra—Hagere ʾErtra)
Asmara

Arabic: أسمرة (ʾAsmara)

Tigrinya: ኣስመራ(Asmera)
5,309,659 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi)
Flag of Eswatini.svg
Location Eswatini AU Africa.svg Eswatini

Kingdom of Eswatini
English: Eswatini—Kingdom of Eswatini

Swazi: eSwatini—Umbuso weSwatini
Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane (administrative)

English: Lobamba, Mbabane

Swazi: Lobamba, ÉMbábáne
1,415,414 17,364 km2 (6,704 sq mi)
Flag of Ethiopia.svg
Location Ethiopia AU Africa.svg Ethiopia

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Amharic: Iትዮጵያ — የIትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ (Ītyōṗṗyā—Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dēmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk) Addis Ababa

Amharic: አዲስ አበባ (Addis Abäba)
110,135,635 1,104,300 km2 (426,373 sq mi)
Flag of Gabon.svg
Location Gabon AU Africa.svg Gabon

Gabonese Republic
French: Gabon—République gabonaise Libreville

French: Libreville
2,109,099 267,668 km2 (103,347 sq mi)
Flag of The Gambia.svg
Location Gambia AU Africa.svg Gambia

Republic of the Gambia
English: Gambia—Republic of the Gambia Banjul

English: Banjul
2,228,075 10,380 km2 (4,008 sq mi)
Flag of Ghana.svg
Location Ghana AU Africa.svg Ghana

Republic of Ghana
English: Ghana—Republic of Ghana Accra

English: Accra
30,096,970 238,534 km2 (92,098 sq mi)
Flag of Guinea.svg
Location Guinea AU Africa.svg Guinea[n 6]

Republic of Guinea
French: Guinée—République de Guinée Conakry

French: Conakry
13,398,180 245,857 km2 (94,926 sq mi)
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg
Location Guinea Bissau AU Africa.svg Guinea-Bissau

Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Portuguese: Guiné-Bissau—República da Guiné-Bissau Bissau

Portuguese: Bissau
1,953,723 36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi)
Flag of Kenya.svg
Location Kenya AU Africa.svg Kenya

Republic of Kenya
English: Kenya—Republic of Kenya

Swahili: Kenya—Jamhuri ya Kenya
Nairobi

English: Nairobi

Swahili: Nairobi
52,214,791 580,367 km2 (224,081 sq mi)
Flag of Lesotho.svg
Location Lesotho AU Africa.svg Lesotho

Kingdom of Lesotho
English: Lesotho—Kingdom of Lesotho

Sotho: Lesotho—Muso oa Lesotho
Maseru

English: Maseru

Sotho: Maseru
2,292,682 30,355 km2 (11,720 sq mi)
Flag of Liberia.svg
Location Liberia AU Africa.svg Liberia

Republic of Liberia
English: Liberia—Republic of Liberia Monrovia

English: Monrovia
4,977,720 111,369 km2 (43,000 sq mi)
Flag of Libya.svg
Location Libya AU Africa.svg Libya

State of Libya
Arabic: ليبيا (Lībiyā)

Berber: ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ (Libya)
Tripoli

Arabic: طرابلس (Ṭarābulus)

Berber: ⵟⵔⴰⴱⵍⴻⵙ (Ṭrables)
6,569,864 1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)
Flag of Madagascar.svg
Location Madagascar AU Africa.svg Madagascar

Republic of Madagascar
French: Madagascar—République de Madagascar

Malagasy:
Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
Antananarivo

French: Antananarivo

Malagasy: Antananarivo
26,969,642 587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi)
Flag of Malawi.svg
Location Malawi AU Africa.svg Malawi

Republic of Malawi
Chichewa: Malaŵi—Dziko la Malaŵi

English: Malawi—Republic of Malawi
Lilongwe

Chichewa: Lilongwe

English: Lilongwe
19,718,743 118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi)
Flag of Mali.svg
Location Mali AU Africa.svg Mali

Republic of Mali
French: Mali—République du Mali Bamako

French: Bamako
19,689,140 1,240,192 km2 (478,841 sq mi)
Flag of Mauritania.svg
Location Mauritania AU Africa.svg Mauritania

Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Arabic: موريتانيا — الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Mūrītānīyya—al-Jumhūriyya al-ʾIslāmiyya al-Mūrītānīyya) Nouakchott

Arabic: نواكشوط (Nuwākshūṭ)
4,661,149 1,030,700 km2 (397,955 sq mi)
Flag of Mauritius.svg
Location Mauritius AU Africa.svg Mauritius

Republic of Mauritius
English: Mauritius—Republic of Mauritius

French: Maurice—République de Maurice

Mauritian Creole Moris—Repiblik Moris
Port Louis

English: Port Louis

French: Port-Louis

Mauritian Creole: Porlwi
1,271,368 2,040 km2 (788 sq mi)
Flag of Morocco.svg
Location Morocco AU Africa.svg Morocco

Kingdom of Morocco
Arabic : المغرب — المملكة المغربية (al-Maḡrib—al-Mamlaka al-Maḡribiyya)

Berber: ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Tageldit n-Elmaġrib)
Rabat

Arabic: الرباط (ar-Ribaaṭ)

Berber: ⴰⵕⴱⴰⵟ (Aṛbaṭ)
36,635,156 446,550 km2 (172,414 sq mi) excludes all disputed territories; 710,850 km2 (274,461 sq mi) includes the Moroccan-administered parts of Western Sahara (claimed as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic by the Polisario Front).
Flag of Mozambique.svg
Location Mozambique AU Africa.svg Mozambique

Republic of Mozambique
Portuguese: Moçambique—República de Moçambique Maputo

Portuguese: Maputo
31,408,823 801,590 km2 (309,496 sq mi)
Flag of Namibia.svg
Location Namibia AU Africa.svg Namibia

Republic of Namibia
English: Namibia—Republic of Namibia Windhoek

English: Windhoek
2,641,996 825,418 km2 (318,696 sq mi)
Flag of Niger.svg
Location Niger AU Africa.svg Niger

Republic of the Niger
French: Niger—République du Niger Niamey

French: Niamey
23,176,691 1,267,000 km2 (489,191 sq mi)
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Location Nigeria AU Africa.svg Nigeria

Federal Republic of Nigeria
English: Nigeria—Federal Republic of Nigeria Abuja

English: Abuja
200,962,417 923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi)
Flag of Rwanda.svg
Location Rwanda AU Africa.svg Rwanda

Republic of Rwanda
English: Rwanda—Republic of Rwanda

French: Rwanda—République du Rwanda

Kinyarwanda Rwanda—Repubulika y'u Rwanda
Kigali

English: Kigali

French: Kigali

Kinyarwanda Kigali
12,794,412 26,798 km2 (10,347 sq mi)
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg
Location São Tomé and Príncipe AU Africa.svg São Tomé and Príncipe

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Portuguese: São Tomé e Príncipe—República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe São Tomé

Portuguese: São Tomé
213,379 964 km2 (372 sq mi)
Flag of Senegal.svg
Location Senegal AU Africa.svg Senegal

Republic of Senegal
French: Sénégal—République du Sénégal Dakar

French: Dakar
16,743,859 196,723 km2 (75,955 sq mi)
Flag of Seychelles.svg
Location Seychelles AU Africa.svg Seychelles

Republic of Seychelles
English: Seychelles—Republic of Seychelles

French: Seychelles—République des Seychelles

Seychellois Creole: Sesel— Repiblik Sesel
Victoria

English: Victoria

French: Victoria

Seychellois Creole: Victoria
95,702 451 km2 (174 sq mi)
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg
Location Sierra Leone AU Africa.svg Sierra Leone

Republic of Sierra Leone
English: Sierra Leone—Republic of Sierra Leone Freetown

English: Freetown
7,883,123 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi)
Flag of Somalia.svg
Location Somalia AU Africa.svg Somalia

Federal Republic of Somalia
Arabic: الصومال — جمهورية الصومال الديموقراطية (Aṣ-Ṣomāl—Jumhūriyya aṣ-Ṣomāl al-Fidrāliyya)

Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya
Mogadishu

Somali: Muqdisho

Arabic: مقديشو (Maqadīshū)
15,636,171 637,657 km2 (246,201 sq mi)
Flag of South Africa.svg
Location South Africa AU Africa.svg South Africa

Republic of South Africa
Afrikaans: Suid-Afrika—Republiek van Suid-Afrika
Bloemfontein (judicial),
Cape Town (legislative),
and Pretoria (executive)
58,065,097 1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi)
Flag of South Sudan.svg
Location South Sudan AU Africa.svg South Sudan

Republic of South Sudan
English: South Sudan—Republic of South Sudan Juba

English: Juba
13,263,184 644,329 km2 (248,777 sq mi)
Flag of Sudan.svg
Location Sudan before 2011 AU Africa.svg Sudan

Republic of Sudan*
Arabic: السودان — جمهورية السودان (As-Sūdān—Jumhūriyya as-Sūdān)

English: Republic of the Sudan
Khartoum

Arabic: الخرطوم (al-Kharṭūm)
42,514,094 1,861,484 km2 (718,723 sq mi)
Flag of Tanzania.svg
Location Tanzania AU Africa.svg Tanzania

United Republic of Tanzania
English: Tanzania—United Republic of Tanzania

Swahili: Tanzania—Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
Dodoma (official)
Dar es Salaam (seat of government)

English: Dodoma

Swahili: Dodoma
60,913,557 945,203 km2 (364,945 sq mi)
Flag of Togo.svg
Location Togo AU Africa.svg Togo

Togolese Republic
French: Togo—République Togolaise Lomé

French: Lomé
8,186,384 56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi)
Flag of Tunisia.svg
Location Tunisia AU Africa.svg Tunisia

Tunisian Republic
Arabic: تونس — الجمهورية التونسية (Tūnis—al-Jumhūriyya at-Tūnisīyya) Tunis

Arabic: تونس (Tūnis)
11,783,168 163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi)
Flag of Uganda.svg
Location Uganda AU Africa.svg Uganda

Republic of Uganda
English: Uganda—Republic of Uganda

Swahili: Uganda—Jamhuri ya Uganda
Kampala

English: Kampala

Swahili: Kampala
45,711,874 236,040 km2 (91,136 sq mi)
Flag of Zambia.svg
Location Zambia AU Africa.svg Zambia

Republic of Zambia
English: Zambia—Republic of Zambia Lusaka

English: Lusaka
18,137,369 752,614 km2 (290,586 sq mi)
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg
Location Zimbabwe AU Africa.svg Zimbabwe

Republic of Zimbabwe
English: Zimbabwe—Republic of Zimbabwe Harare

English: Harare
17,297,495 390,757 km2 (150,872 sq mi)

Partially recognised state

The following state has established itself in Africa as a sovereign state, but has official recognition from roughly a quarter of states worldwide and its participation in international organizations is limited. It is not a member of the United Nations, but it is a member of the African Union. Furthermore, it only controls a sliver of Western Sahara and its seat of government is in Tifariti and government in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg
Location Western Sahara AU Africa.svg Sahrawi Republic

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic[n 7]
Claimed as the southernmost provinces of Morocco. Recognized by the African Union and 47 UN members as the representative government of Western Sahara. Arabic: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية (al-Jumhūrīyah al-‘Arabīyah aṣ-Ṣaḥrāwīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah)

Spanish: República Árabe Saharaui Democrática
El Aaiún (proclaimed)[n 8]

Arabic: العيون (al-ʿuyūn)

Spanish: El Aaiún
582,478 267,405 km2 (103,246 sq mi)

De facto state with no international recognition

The following de facto state has declared itself to be independent and has de facto control over the territory over which it claims sovereignty, thus satisfying the declarative theory and the Montevideo Conventions, but has not been recognized as a sovereign country by any other country and is neither a member of the United Nations nor a member of the African Union.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area
Flag of Somaliland.svg
Location Somaliland AU Africa.svg Somaliland

Republic of Somaliland[14][15]
State within the Federal regions of Somalia.[16] Recognized by no UN member.[17][18] Arabic: جمهورية أرض الصومال — أرض الصومال (Jumhūrīyat Arḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl)

Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland
Hargeisa

Arabic: هرجيسا

Somali: Hargeysa
4,000,000 137,600 km2 (53,128 sq mi)