Madeira

  • madeira
    autonomous region
    autonomous region of madeira
    região autónoma da madeira  (portuguese)
    blue-gold-blue vertical triband with a red-bordered white cross of christ.
    flag
    blue a pale or charged with the cross of christ
    coat of arms
    etymology: madeira, portuguese word for wood
    nickname(s): 
    pearl of the atlantic
    motto(s): 
    das ilhas as mais belas e livres
    (english: of all islands, the most beautiful and free)
    location of madeira within europe
    location of madeira within europe
    sovereign stateportugal
    discovery1418-1419
    settlementcirca 1425
    political autonomy30 april 1976
    capitalfunchal
    official languagesportuguese
    demonym(s)madeirense
    (english: madeiran)
    governmentautonomous region
    • representative of the republic
    irineu barreto
    • president of the legislative assembly of the autonomous region of madeira
    josé manuel rodrigues
    • president of the regional government of madeira
    miguel albuquerque
    • vice-president of the regional government of madeira
    pedro calado
    legislaturelegislative assembly of the autonomous region of madeira
    national and european representation
    • assembly of the republic
    6 deputies
    • european parliament
    2 meps
    area
    • total
    801 km2 (309 sq mi)
    highest elevation
    (pico ruivo)
    1,861 m (6,106 ft)
    lowest elevation
    (atlantic ocean)
    0 m (0 ft)
    population
    • 2016 estimate
    289,000
    • 2011 census
    267 785
    • density
    334/km2 (865.1/sq mi)
    gdp (ppp)2017 estimate
    • total
    increase €4.6077 billion
    • per capita
    increase €18,096
    gdp (nominal)2017 estimate
    • total
    increase4.5364 billion
    • per capita
    increase €18,100[1]
    currencyeur (€) (eur)
    time zoneutc (wet)
     • summer (dst)
    utc+1 (west)
    date formatdd/mm/yyyy (ce)
    driving sideright
    calling code+351 (291)
    iso 3166 codept-30
    internet tld
    • https://www.madeira.gov.pt/

    madeira (ə/ deer-ə, also us: ɛər-/ dair-,[2][3][4] portuguese: [mɐˈðejɾɐ, -ˈðɐj-]), officially the autonomous region of madeira (região autónoma da madeira), is one of the two autonomous regions of portugal (the other being the azores). it is an archipelago situated in the north atlantic ocean, in a region known as macaronesia, southwest of mainland portugal. its total population was estimated in 2016 at 289,000. the capital of madeira is funchal, which is located on the main island's south coast.

    the archipelago is just under 400 kilometres (250 mi) north of canary islands. bermuda and madeira, a few time zones apart, are the only land in the atlantic on the 32nd parallel north. it includes the islands of madeira, porto santo, and the desertas, administered together with the separate archipelago of the savage islands. the region has political and administrative autonomy through the administrative political statute of the autonomous region of madeira provided for in the portuguese constitution. the autonomous region is an integral part of the european union as an outermost region.[5] madeira generally has a very mild and moderated subtropical climate with mediterranean summer droughts and winter rain. there are many microclimates courtesy of the elevation changes.

    madeira was claimed by portuguese sailors in the service of prince henry the navigator in 1419 and settled after 1420. the archipelago is considered to be the first territorial discovery of the exploratory period of the age of discovery.

    today, it is a popular year-round resort, being visited every year by about 1.4 million tourists,[6] almost five times its population. the region is noted for its madeira wine, gastronomy, historical and cultural value, flora and fauna, landscapes (laurel forest) that are classified as a unesco world heritage site, and embroidery artisans. the main harbour in funchal has long been the leading portuguese port in cruise liner dockings,[7] receiving more than half a million tourists through its main port in 2017,[8] being an important stopover for commercial and trans-atlantic passenger cruises between europe, the caribbean and north africa. in addition, the international business centre of madeira, also known as the madeira free trade zone, was created formally in the 1980s as a tool of regional economic policy. it consists of a set of incentives, mainly tax-related, granted with the objective of attracting foreign direct investment based on international services into madeira.[9]

  • history
  • geography
  • climate
  • flora and fauna
  • levadas
  • politics
  • population
  • economy
  • energy
  • transport
  • culture
  • sports
  • sister provinces
  • postage stamps
  • notable people
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Madeira
Autonomous Region of Madeira
Região Autónoma da Madeira  (Portuguese)
Etymology: madeira, Portuguese word for wood
Nickname(s): 
Pearl of the Atlantic
Motto(s): 
Das Ilhas as Mais Belas e Livres
(English: Of all islands, the most beautiful and free)
Location of Madeira within Europe
Location of Madeira within Europe
Sovereign statePortugal
Discovery1418-1419
Settlementcirca 1425
Political Autonomy30 April 1976
CapitalFunchal
Official languagesPortuguese
Demonym(s)Madeirense
(English: Madeiran)
GovernmentAutonomous Region
• Representative of the Republic
Irineu Barreto
José Manuel Rodrigues
Miguel Albuquerque
• Vice-President of the Regional Government of Madeira
Pedro Calado
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of the Autonomous Region of Madeira
National and European Representation
6 Deputies
2 MEPs
Area
• Total
801 km2 (309 sq mi)
Highest elevation1,861 m (6,106 ft)
Lowest elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population
• 2016 estimate
289,000
• 2011 census
267 785
• Density
334/km2 (865.1/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
Increase €4.6077 billion
• Per capita
Increase €18,096
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
Increase4.5364 billion
• Per capita
Increase €18,100[1]
CurrencyEUR (€) (EUR)
Time zoneUTC (WET)
 • Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (WEST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+351 (291)
ISO 3166 codePT-30
Internet TLD

Madeira (ə/ DEER-ə, also US: ɛər-/ DAIR-,[2][3][4] Portuguese: [mɐˈðejɾɐ, -ˈðɐj-]), officially the Autonomous Region of Madeira (Região Autónoma da Madeira), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal (the other being the Azores). It is an archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, in a region known as Macaronesia, southwest of mainland Portugal. Its total population was estimated in 2016 at 289,000. The capital of Madeira is Funchal, which is located on the main island's south coast.

The archipelago is just under 400 kilometres (250 mi) north of Canary Islands. Bermuda and Madeira, a few time zones apart, are the only land in the Atlantic on the 32nd parallel north. It includes the islands of Madeira, Porto Santo, and the Desertas, administered together with the separate archipelago of the Savage Islands. The region has political and administrative autonomy through the Administrative Political Statute of the Autonomous Region of Madeira provided for in the Portuguese Constitution. The autonomous region is an integral part of the European Union as an outermost region.[5] Madeira generally has a very mild and moderated subtropical climate with mediterranean summer droughts and winter rain. There are many microclimates courtesy of the elevation changes.

Madeira was claimed by Portuguese sailors in the service of Prince Henry the Navigator in 1419 and settled after 1420. The archipelago is considered to be the first territorial discovery of the exploratory period of the Age of Discovery.

Today, it is a popular year-round resort, being visited every year by about 1.4 million tourists,[6] almost five times its population. The region is noted for its Madeira wine, gastronomy, historical and cultural value, flora and fauna, landscapes (laurel forest) that are classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and embroidery artisans. The main harbour in Funchal has long been the leading Portuguese port in cruise liner dockings,[7] receiving more than half a million tourists through its main port in 2017,[8] being an important stopover for commercial and trans-Atlantic passenger cruises between Europe, the Caribbean and North Africa. In addition, the International Business Centre of Madeira, also known as the Madeira Free Trade Zone, was created formally in the 1980s as a tool of regional economic policy. It consists of a set of incentives, mainly tax-related, granted with the objective of attracting foreign direct investment based on international services into Madeira.[9]