Malta

  • republic of malta

    repubblika ta' malta  (maltese)
    flag of malta
    flag
    coat of arms of malta
    coat of arms
    motto: virtute et constantia
    "with strength and consistency"
    anthem: l-innu malti
    the maltese hymn
    location of malta (green circle) – in europe (light green & dark grey) – in the european union (light green)  –  [legend]
    location of malta (green circle)

    – in europe (light green & dark grey)
    – in the european union (light green)  –  [legend]

    capitalvalletta
    35°54′n 14°31′e / 35°54′n 14°31′e / 35.900; 14.517
    largest townst. paul's bay
    official languagesmaltese,[e] english
    other languageitalian (66% conversational)[1]
    ethnic groups
    (2019[2])
    • 79.0% maltese
    • 21.0% non-maltese[b]
    religion
    catholicism
    demonym(s)maltese
    governmentunitary parliamentary constitutional republic
    • president
    george vella
    • prime minister
    robert abela
    legislaturehouse of representatives
    independence 
    from the united kingdom
    • state of malta
    21 september 1964
    • republic
    13 december 1974
    area
    • total
    316[3] km2 (122 sq mi) (185th)
    • water (%)
    0.001
    population
    • 2019 estimate
    493,559[4] (167th)
    • 2011 census
    416,055[5]
    • density
    1,457[5]/km2 (3,773.6/sq mi) (5th)
    gdp (ppp)2019 estimate
    • total
    $22.802  billion[6]
    • per capita
    $48,246[6]
    gdp (nominal)2019 estimate
    • total
    $15.134 billion[6]
    • per capita
    $32,021[6]
    gini (2018)negative increase 28.7[7]
    low · 15th
    hdi (2018)increase 0.885[8]
    very high · 28th
    currencyeuro ()[c] (eur)
    time zoneutc+1 (central european time)
    • summer (dst)
    utc+2 (central european summer time)
    date formatdd/mm/yyyy (ad)
    driving sideleft
    calling code+356
    iso 3166 codemt
    internet tld.mt[d]
    website
    gov.mt
    1. ^ languages other than the mother tongue of maltese[1]
    2. ^ maltese nationals as referred to in the 2011 census[5]
    3. ^ maltese lira before 2008
    4. ^ also .eu, shared with other european union member states
    5. ^ also maltese sign language[9]

    malta (ə/,[11] ə/ (about this soundlisten); maltese: [ˈmɐltɐ]), officially known as the republic of malta (maltese: repubblika ta' malta), is a southern european island country consisting of an archipelago in the mediterranean sea.[12] it lies 80 km (50 mi) south of italy, 284 km (176 mi) east of tunisia,[13] and 333 km (207 mi) north of libya.[14] with a population of about 475,000[4] over an area of 316 km2 (122 sq mi),[3] malta is the world's tenth smallest[15][16] and fifth most densely populated sovereign country. its capital is valletta, which is the smallest national capital in the european union by area at 0.8 km2 (0.31 sq mi). the official and national language is maltese, which is descended from sicilian arabic that developed during the emirate of sicily, while english serves as the second official language.

    malta has been inhabited since approximately 5900 bc. its location in the centre of the mediterranean[17] has historically given it great strategic importance as a naval base, with a succession of powers having contested and ruled the islands, including the phoenicians and carthaginians, romans, greeks, arabs, normans, aragonese, knights of st. john, french, and british.[18] most of these foreign influences have left some sort of mark on the country's ancient culture.

    malta became a british colony in 1813, serving as a way station for ships and the headquarters for the british mediterranean fleet. it was beseiged by the axis powers during world war ii and was an important allied base for operations in north africa and the mediterranean.[19][20] the british parliament passed the malta independence act in 1964, giving malta independence from the united kingdom as the state of malta, with queen elizabeth ii as its head of state and queen.[21] the country became a republic in 1974. it has been a member state of the commonwealth of nations and the united nations since independence, and joined the european union in 2004; it became part of the eurozone monetary union in 2008.

    malta has had christians since the time of early christianity, though was predominantly muslim while under arab ruler, who tolerated christians. norman rulers expelled all muslims who did not convert, and aragonese rulers expelled unconverted jews. today, catholicism is the state religion, but the constitution of malta guarantees freedom of conscience and religious worship.[22][23]

    malta is a popular tourist destination with its warm climate, numerous recreational areas, and architectural and historical monuments, including three unesco world heritage sites: hypogeum of Ħal-saflieni,[24] valletta,[25] and seven megalithic temples which are some of the oldest free-standing structures in the world.[26][27][28]

  • etymology
  • history
  • politics
  • geography
  • economy
  • demographics
  • culture
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Republic of Malta

Repubblika ta' Malta  (Maltese)
Motto: Virtute et constantia
"With strength and consistency"
Anthem: L-Innu Malti
The Maltese Hymn
Location of Malta (green circle) – in Europe (light green & dark grey) – in the European Union (light green)  –  [Legend]
Location of Malta (green circle)

– in Europe (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (light green)  –  [Legend]

CapitalValletta
35°54′N 14°31′E / 35°54′N 14°31′E / 35.900; 14.517
Largest townSt. Paul's Bay
Official languagesMaltese,[e] English
Other languageItalian (66% conversational)[1]
Ethnic groups
(2019[2])
Religion
Catholicism
Demonym(s)Maltese
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
George Vella
Robert Abela
LegislatureHouse of Representatives
Independence 
• State of Malta
21 September 1964
• Republic
13 December 1974
Area
• Total
316[3] km2 (122 sq mi) (185th)
• Water (%)
0.001
Population
• 2019 estimate
493,559[4] (167th)
• 2011 census
416,055[5]
• Density
1,457[5]/km2 (3,773.6/sq mi) (5th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$22.802  billion[6]
• Per capita
$48,246[6]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$15.134 billion[6]
• Per capita
$32,021[6]
Gini (2018)Negative increase 28.7[7]
low · 15th
HDI (2018)Increase 0.885[8]
very high · 28th
CurrencyEuro ()[c] (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (Central European Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (Central European Summer Time)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+356
ISO 3166 codeMT
Internet TLD.mt[d]
Website
gov.mt
  1. ^ Languages other than the mother tongue of Maltese[1]
  2. ^ Maltese nationals as referred to in the 2011 census[5]
  3. ^ Maltese lira before 2008
  4. ^ Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states
  5. ^ Also Maltese Sign Language[9]

Malta (ə/,[11] ə/ (About this soundlisten); Maltese: [ˈmɐltɐ]), officially known as the Republic of Malta (Maltese: Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.[12] It lies 80 km (50 mi) south of Italy, 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia,[13] and 333 km (207 mi) north of Libya.[14] With a population of about 475,000[4] over an area of 316 km2 (122 sq mi),[3] Malta is the world's tenth smallest[15][16] and fifth most densely populated sovereign country. Its capital is Valletta, which is the smallest national capital in the European Union by area at 0.8 km2 (0.31 sq mi). The official and national language is Maltese, which is descended from Sicilian Arabic that developed during the Emirate of Sicily, while English serves as the second official language.

Malta has been inhabited since approximately 5900 BC. Its location in the centre of the Mediterranean[17] has historically given it great strategic importance as a naval base, with a succession of powers having contested and ruled the islands, including the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, Romans, Greeks, Arabs, Normans, Aragonese, Knights of St. John, French, and British.[18] Most of these foreign influences have left some sort of mark on the country's ancient culture.

Malta became a British colony in 1813, serving as a way station for ships and the headquarters for the British Mediterranean Fleet. It was beseiged by the Axis powers during World War II and was an important Allied base for operations in North Africa and the Mediterranean.[19][20] The British Parliament passed the Malta Independence Act in 1964, giving Malta independence from the United Kingdom as the State of Malta, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state and queen.[21] The country became a republic in 1974. It has been a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations since independence, and joined the European Union in 2004; it became part of the eurozone monetary union in 2008.

Malta has had Christians since the time of Early Christianity, though was predominantly Muslim while under Arab ruler, who tolerated Christians. Norman rulers expelled all Muslims who did not convert, and Aragonese rulers expelled unconverted Jews. Today, Catholicism is the state religion, but the Constitution of Malta guarantees freedom of conscience and religious worship.[22][23]

Malta is a popular tourist destination with its warm climate, numerous recreational areas, and architectural and historical monuments, including three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Hypogeum of Ħal-Saflieni,[24] Valletta,[25] and seven megalithic temples which are some of the oldest free-standing structures in the world.[26][27][28]