port of melilla
flag coat of arms
|motto(s): |«praeferre patriam liberis parentem decet»
("it is seemly for a parent to put his fatherland before his children"
«non plus ultra»
("nothing more beyond"
location of melilla
|coordinates: 35°18′n 2°57′w / 35°18′n 2°57′w / 35.300; -2.950||utc+2 (cest)|
|iso 3166 code|
|statute of autonomy||14 march 1995|
|parliament||assembly of melilla|
|congress||1 deputy (of 350)|
melilla (/ lee-yə, -/ meh-, spanish: [meˈliʎa]; tarifit: mlilt) is a spanish autonomous city located on the northwest coast of africa, sharing a border with morocco. it has an area of 12.3 km2 (4.7 sq mi). melilla is one of two permanently inhabited spanish cities in mainland africa, the other being nearby ceuta. it was part of the province of málaga until 14 march 1995, when the city's statute of autonomy was passed.
melilla, like ceuta, was a free port before spain joined the european union in 1986. as of 2011, melilla had a population of 78,476, made up of ethnic iberian catholics (primarily from andalusia and catalonia), ethnic riffian berbers, and a small number of sephardic jews and sindhi hindus. spanish and riffian-berber are the two most widely spoken languages, the former being the official language.
melilla, like ceuta, is officially claimed by morocco.