Misandry is formed from the Greek misos (μῖσος, "hatred") and anēr, andros (ἀνήρ, gen. ἀνδρός; "man"). Use of the word can be found as far back as the nineteenth century, including an 1871 use in The Spectator magazine. It appeared in Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (11th ed.) in 1952. Translation of the French "misandrie" to the German "Männerhass" (Hatred of Men) is recorded in 1803. Misandry is parallel in form to 'misogyny' (hatred of women or girls). A term with a similar but distinct meaning is androphobia, which constitutes fear of men. Writer Helen Pluckrose has argued that the androphobia is the more propitious term in instances where aversion to men stems from a sense of fear.