|c. 100 ad|
the moralia (ancient greek: Ἠθικά ethika; loosely translated as "morals" or "matters relating to customs and mores") of the 1st-century greek scholar plutarch of chaeronea is an eclectic collection of 78 essays and transcribed speeches. they provide insights into roman and greek life, but often are also timeless observations in their own right. many generations of europeans have read or imitated them, including michel de montaigne and the renaissance humanists and enlightenment philosophers.