National Anthem of Chile
This article needs additional citations for
|English: National Anthem of Chile|
"National Anthem of Chile" sheet music, opening piano.
National anthem of
|Also known as||Canción Nacional (English: National Song)|
Puro, Chile, es tu cielo azulado (English: How pure, Chile, is your blue sky)
|Lyrics||Eusebio Lillo, |
|Adopted||23 December 1828|
|Preceded by||"National Song"|
"Himno Nacional de Chile" (instrumental)
The "National Anthem of Chile" (
The first Chilean national anthem dates back to 1809, when the government called for, on the 13th of January, the creation of music and lyrics for this purpose.
The composer Manuel Robles and the poet Bernardo de Vera y Pintado fulfilled this mandate and their "National Song" debuted on 20 August 1820 in the Domingo Arteaga theater, although other historians claim that it was played and sung during the festivities of September 1819.
In the beginning, everyone would stand for the song. The custom of always singing it at the theater slowly disappeared, until it was requested that it only be sung at the anniversary of the country.
The doctor Bernardo Vera, known in the history of the independence, was the author of the verses that were sung to Robles' music.
The second and current Chilean national anthem was composed by the Spanish composer
The Spanish musician probably wrote the work by 1827, the date he returned to Barcelona, and his hymn debuted in
Years later, in 1847, the Chilean government entrusted the young poet Eusebio Lillo with a new text that would replace the anti-Spain poem of Vera y Pintado, and after being analyzed by
During the military government (1973–1990) of
In the celebrations marking the return of democracy in March 1990 at Santiago's