Neolithic

  • neolithic
    the neolithic is characterized by fixed human settlements and the invention of agriculture from circa 10,000 bc. reconstitution of pre-pottery neolithic b housing in aşıklı höyük, modern turkey.
    periodfinal period of stone age
    dates10,000–4,500 bc
    preceded bymesolithic, epipalaeolithic
    followed bychalcolithic

    the neolithic (k/ (about this soundlisten),[1] also known as the "new stone age"), the final division of the stone age, began about 12,000 years ago when the first developments of farming appeared in the epipalaeolithic near east, and later in other parts of the world. the division lasted until the transitional period of the chalcolithic from about 6,500 years ago (4500 bc), marked by the development of metallurgy, leading up to the bronze age and iron age. in northern europe, the neolithic lasted until about 1700 bc, while in china it extended until 1200 bc. other parts of the world (including the americas and oceania) remained broadly in the neolithic stage of development until european contact.[2]

    the neolithic comprises a progression of behavioral and cultural characteristics and changes, including the use of wild and domestic crops and of domesticated animals.[a]

    the term neolithic derives from the greek νέος néos, "new", and λίθος líthos, "stone", literally meaning "new stone age". the term was coined by sir john lubbock in 1865 as a refinement of the three-age system.[3]

  • origin
  • periods by pottery phase
  • periods by region
  • cultural characteristics
  • list of early settlements
  • list of cultures and sites
  • comparative chronology
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Neolithic
The Neolithic is characterized by fixed human settlements and the invention of agriculture from circa 10,000 BC. Reconstitution of Pre-Pottery Neolithic B housing in Aşıklı Höyük, modern Turkey.
PeriodFinal period of Stone Age
Dates10,000–4,500 BC
Preceded byMesolithic, Epipalaeolithic
Followed byChalcolithic

The Neolithic (k/ (About this soundlisten),[1] also known as the "New Stone Age"), the final division of the Stone Age, began about 12,000 years ago when the first developments of farming appeared in the Epipalaeolithic Near East, and later in other parts of the world. The division lasted until the transitional period of the Chalcolithic from about 6,500 years ago (4500 BC), marked by the development of metallurgy, leading up to the Bronze Age and Iron Age. In Northern Europe, the Neolithic lasted until about 1700 BC, while in China it extended until 1200 BC. Other parts of the world (including the Americas and Oceania) remained broadly in the Neolithic stage of development until European contact.[2]

The Neolithic comprises a progression of behavioral and cultural characteristics and changes, including the use of wild and domestic crops and of domesticated animals.[a]

The term Neolithic derives from the Greek νέος néos, "new", and λίθος líthos, "stone", literally meaning "New Stone Age". The term was coined by Sir John Lubbock in 1865 as a refinement of the three-age system.[3]