Phoenician language

  • phoenician
    native tocanaan; later spoken in coastal outposts and islands throughout the mediterranean.
    eraattested in phoenicia proper from the 11th century bce to the 2nd century ce[1]
    language family
    afro-asiatic
    • semitic
      • west semitic
        • central semitic
          • northwest semitic
            • canaanite
              • phoenician
    writing system
    phoenician alphabet
    language codes
    phn
    iso 639-3phn
    phoe1239  phoenician[2]
    phoe1238  phoenician–punic[3]
    phoenician language.png
    distribution of the phoenician language
    this article contains ipa phonetic symbols. without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of unicode characters. for an introductory guide on ipa symbols, see help:ipa.

    phoenician was a language originally spoken in the coastal (mediterranean) region, then called "pūt" (in phoenician and egyptian), "canaan" (in biblical hebrew, old arabic, and aramaic), "phoenicia" (in greek and latin). it is a part of the canaanite subgroup of the northwest semitic languages. other members of the family are hebrew, ammonite, moabite, and edomite.[4][5]

    the area in which phoenician was spoken includes greater syria and, at least as a prestige language, anatolia, specifically the areas now including lebanon, coastal syria, coastal northern israel, parts of cyprus and some adjacent areas of turkey.[6] it was also spoken in the area of phoenician colonization along the coasts of the southwestern mediterranean sea, including those of modern tunisia, morocco, libya and algeria as well as malta, the west of sicily, sardinia, corsica, the balearic islands and southernmost spain.

  • history
  • writing system
  • phonology
  • grammar
  • syntax
  • vocabulary and word formation
  • survival and influences of punic
  • surviving examples
  • see also
  • references
  • further reading

Phoenician
Native toCanaan; later spoken in coastal outposts and islands throughout the Mediterranean.
Eraattested in Phoenicia proper from the 11th century BCE to the 2nd century CE[1]
Phoenician alphabet
Language codes
phn
ISO 639-3phn
phoe1239  Phoenician[2]
phoe1238  Phoenician–Punic[3]
Phoenician Language.png
Distribution of the Phoenician language
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Phoenician was a language originally spoken in the coastal (Mediterranean) region, then called "Pūt" (in Phoenician and Egyptian), "Canaan" (in Biblical Hebrew, Old Arabic, and Aramaic), "Phoenicia" (in Greek and Latin). It is a part of the Canaanite subgroup of the Northwest Semitic languages. Other members of the family are Hebrew, Ammonite, Moabite, and Edomite.[4][5]

The area in which Phoenician was spoken includes Greater Syria and, at least as a prestige language, Anatolia, specifically the areas now including Lebanon, coastal Syria, coastal northern Israel, parts of Cyprus and some adjacent areas of Turkey.[6] It was also spoken in the area of Phoenician colonization along the coasts of the southwestern Mediterranean Sea, including those of modern Tunisia, Morocco, Libya and Algeria as well as Malta, the west of Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, the Balearic Islands and southernmost Spain.