Pontianak Sultanate

Pontianak Sultanate

Kesultanan Pontianak
1771–1950
Flag of Pontianak Sultanate
Flag
Coat of arms of Pontianak Sultanate
Coat of arms
StatusPart of the Dutch East Indies (from 1779)
CapitalPontianak
Common languagesMalay language
Religion
Sunni Islam
GovernmentIslamic Absolute Monarchy
History 
• Established
23 October 1771
• Coronation
1 September 1778
• Disestablished
17 August 1950
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mempawah Kingdom
Indonesia

The Pontianak Sultanate (Malay: Kesultanan Pontianak) was an Islamic Malay state that existed on the western coast of the island of Borneo from the late 18th century until its disestablishment in 1950. The Sultanate was located at the mouth of the Kapuas river in what is today the Indonesian province of West Kalimantan, and the Sultan's residential palace was situated in what later grew to become the modern-day Indonesian city of Pontianak.

History

The Pontianak Sultanate was founded in 1771 by explorers from Hadhramaut led by al-Sayyid Syarif Abdurrahman al-Kadrie, descendant of Imam Ali ar-Ridha. He had two political marriages in Kalimantan, first with the daughter of Panembahan Mempawah and then with the daughter of the Sultan of Banjar.

After the explorers arrived in Pontianak, they established the Kadariah Palace and received endorsement as the Sultan of Pontianak by the Dutch East India Company in 1779.[1]

The Pontianak Sultanate had friendly relations with the Lanfang Republic.

Pontianak Sultan Syarif Muhammad Alkadrie was executed by the Japanese in the Pontianak incident along with all the other Malay Sultans of Kalimantan. Two of his sons were also beheaded by the Japanese.

The last Sultan was Syarif Hamid Alkadrie, who was deposed by the Indonesians; he had earlier been interned by the occupying Japanese forces.