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LGBT
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Introduction

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LGBT (or GLBT) is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the term is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which was used to replace the term gay in reference to the LGBT community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s. Activists believed that the term gay community did not accurately represent all those to whom it referred.

The initialism has become adopted into the mainstream as an umbrella term for use when labeling topics pertaining to sexuality and gender identity. For example, the LGBT Movement Advancement Project termed community centres, which have services specific to those members of the LGBT community, as "LGBT community centers", in a comprehensive studies of such centres around the United States.

The initialism LGBT is intended to emphasize a diversity of sexuality and gender identity-based cultures. It may be used to refer to anyone who is non-heterosexual or non-cisgender, instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant adds the letter Q for those who identify as queer or are questioning their sexual identity; LGBTQ has been recorded since 1996. Those who add intersex people to LGBT groups or organizing use an extended initialism LGBTI. The two acronyms are sometimes combined to form the terms LGBTIQ or LGBT+ to encompass spectrums of sexuality and gender. Other, less common variants also exist, motivated by a desire for inclusivity, including those over twice as long which have prompted criticism.

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Ellen DeGeneres

"The Puppy Episode" is a two-part episode of the situation comedy television series Ellen. The episode details lead character Ellen Morgan's realization that she is a lesbian and her coming out. It was the 22nd and 23rd episode of the series' 4th season. The episode was written by series star Ellen DeGeneres with Mark Driscoll, Tracy Newman, Dava Savel and Jonathan Stark and directed by Gil Junger. It originally aired on ABC on April 30, 1997.

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Troy Perry, Metropolitan Community Church founder

Current events

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Protesters and supporters outside San Francisco City Hall

Credit: NickGorton

Protesters and supporters of same-sex marriage in California, outside San Francisco City Hall in June 2008.


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Commons-logo.svg See Category:LGBT for more LGBT-related images

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Herman Bang

Herman Bang (April 20, 1857 – January 29, 1912) was a Danish writer and a major proponent of Modern Breakthrough, the strong movement of naturalism which replaced romanticism in Scandinavia near the end of the 19th century. In 1880 he published his novel Haabløse Slægter (Families Without Hope). The main character was a young man who had a relationship with an older woman. The book was considered obscene at the time and was banned. During a lecture tour of the United States he was taken ill on the train and died in Ogden, Utah.

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