Reichstag (Nazi Germany)
|Legislative body of |
|Seats||876 (at dissolution)|
The Reichstag ("
During this period, the Reichstag was sometimes derisively referred to by the German public as the "teuerste Gesangsverein Deutschlands" (the most expensive singing club in Germany) due to frequent singing of the national anthem during sessions. To avoid holding scheduled elections during
The former practice became more and more common after 1930. Due to the Reichstag's complex system of proportional representation, it was extremely difficult for a government to have a stable majority. Frequently, when a Chancellor was voted out of office, his successor could not be assured of a majority. As a result, Chancellors were forced to use Article 48 simply to conduct the ordinary business of government.
At the new Reichstag's first session, Hitler introduced the
The Nazis used the provisions of the Reichstag Fire Decree to arrest all deputies from the
Before the summer was out, all other parties had either been banned or intimidated into closing down, and the Nazi Party was the only legally permitted party in Germany–though for all intents and purposes, Germany had become a one-party state with the passage of the Enabling Act. With the formal ban of opposition parties in July, the provision of Article 48 that allowed the Reichstag to demand the cancellation of the emergency measures was effectively negated.
The Reichstag only met 12 times between 1933 and 1939, and enacted only four laws—the Law for the Reconstruction of the Reich of 1934 (which turned Germany into a highly centralized state) and the three