South Korea

  • republic of korea

    • 대한민국/大韓民國 (korean)
    • daehan minguk
    centered taegeuk on a white rectangle inclusive of four black trigrams
    flag
    centered taegeuk on a hibiscus syriacus surrounded by five stylized petals and a ribbon
    emblem
    motto: 
    "홍익인간"("弘益人間")
    "benefit broadly in the human world /
    devotion to the welfare of humanity"
    [1]
    anthem: 
    "애국가"("愛國歌")
    "aegukga"
    "patriotic song"
    national seal
    국가 인감 (國家印鑑)

    seal of south korea.svg
    land controlled by the republic of korea shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green
    land controlled by the republic of korea shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green
    capital
    and largest city
    seoul
    37°33′n 126°58′e / 37°33′n 126°58′e / 37.550; 126.967
    official languageskorean (pyojun-eo)
    korean sign language[2]
    official scriptkorean
    ethnic groups
    predominantly korean. no official statistics[a]
    religion
    • 56.9% no religion
    • 27.6% christianity[4]
    • —19.7% protestant
      —7.9% catholic[5]
    • 15.5% korean buddhism[4]
    demonym(s)
    • south korean
    • korean
    governmentunitary presidential
    constitutional republic
    • president
    moon jae-in
    • prime minister
    chung sye-kyun
    • speaker of the national assembly
    moon hee-sang
    • chief justice
    kim myeong-soo
    • president of the constitutional court
    yoo nam-seok
    legislaturenational assembly
    establishment history
    • first
    kingdom
    october 3, 2333 bc[b]
    • wiman
    joseon
    194 bc
    • three
    kingdoms
    18 bc
    • north-south kingdoms
    698
    • unification by goryeo dynasty
    936
    • joseon
    dynasty
    july 17, 1392
    • korean
    empire
    october 12, 1897
    • japan-korea treaty
    august 29, 1910
    • march 1st movement
    march 1, 1919
    • provisional government
    september 11, 1919
    • liberation from japan
    august 15, 1945
    • u.s. administration of korea south of the 38th parallel
    september 8, 1945
    • rok
    established
    august 15, 1948
    • current
    constitution
    february 25, 1988
    • admitted to the united nations
    september 17, 1991
    area
    • total
    100,363 km2 (38,750 sq mi) (107th)
    • water (%)
    0.3 (301 km2 / 116 mi2)
    population
    • 2019 estimate
    increase51,709,098[6] (28th)
    • density
    507/km2 (1,313.1/sq mi) (23rd)
    gdp (ppp)2020 estimate
    • total
    $2.418 trillion[7] (14th)
    • per capita
    $46,451[7] (29th)
    gdp (nominal)2020 estimate
    • total
    $1.626 trillion[7] (12th)
    • per capita
    $31,246[7] (27th)
    gini (2016)positive decrease 35.7[8]
    medium · 93rd
    hdi (2018)increase 0.906[9]
    very high · 22nd
    currencykorean republic won (₩) (krw)
    time zoneutc+9 (korea standard time)
    date format
    • yyyy년 m월 d일
    • yyyy. m. d. (ce)
    mains electricity220 v–60 hz
    driving sideright
    calling code+82
    iso 3166 codekr
    internet tld
    • .kr
    • .한국
    south korea
    south korean name
    hangul
    hanja
    南韓
    north korean name
    chosŏn'gŭl
    korea
    south korean name
    hangul
    hanja
    韓國
    north korean name
    chosŏn'gŭl
    republic of korea
    south korean name
    hangul
    대한민국
    hanja
    大韓民國

    south korea (korean: 한국/韓國; rr: hanguk or literally 남한/南韓; rr: namhan), officially the republic of korea (korean: 대한민국/大韓民國; rr: daehan minguk) is a country in east asia, constituting the southern part of the korean peninsula[10] and sharing a land border with north korea.

    the name korea is derived from goguryeo, which was one of the great powers in east asia during its time,[11][12][13][14] ruling most of the korean peninsula, manchuria, parts of the russian far east[15] and inner mongolia[16] under gwanggaeto the great.[17] its capital, seoul, is a major global city[18] and half of south korea's over 51 million people live in the seoul capital area, the fourth largest metropolitan economy in the world.[19]

    the korean peninsula was inhabited as early as the lower paleolithic period. its first kingdom was noted in chinese records in the early 7th century bc. following the unification of the three kingdoms of korea into silla and balhae in the late 7th century, korea was ruled by the goryeo dynasty (918–1392) and the joseon dynasty (1392–1897). the succeeding korean empire was annexed into the empire of japan in 1910. after world war ii, korea was divided into soviet and u.s.-administered zones, with the latter becoming the republic of korea in august 1948. in 1950, a north korean invasion began the korean war and after its end in 1953, the country's economy began to soar, recording the fastest rise in average gdp per capita in the world between 1980 and 1990. the june struggle led to the end of authoritarian rule in 1987 and the country is now the most advanced democracy with the highest level of press freedom in asia.[20][21] it has the 10th highest social mobility in the world, with 17% of children born to parents in the bottom half of educational attainment ending up in the top quarter.[22] south korea is a member of the oecd's development assistance committee, the g20 and the paris club.

    south korea is a highly developed country and the world's 12th-largest economy by nominal gdp. its citizens enjoy the world's fastest internet connection speeds and the most dense high-speed railway network. it was named the second best country in the world to raise kids in the 2020 un child flourishing index, with the best chance at survival, thriving and well-being due to good healthcare, education and nutrition.[23][24][25] the world's 5th largest exporter and 8th largest importer, south korea is a global leader in many technology and innovation driven fields. since 2014, south korea has been named the world's most innovative country by the bloomberg innovation index for 6 consecutive years. since the 21st century, south korea has been renowned for its globally influential pop culture such as k-pop, tv dramas and cinema, a phenomenon referred to as the korean wave.[26][27][28][29][30]

  • etymology
  • history
  • geography, climate and environment
  • government
  • administrative divisions
  • demographics
  • foreign relations
  • military
  • economy
  • science and technology
  • culture
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Republic of Korea

  • 대한민국/大韓民國 (Korean)
  • Daehan Minguk
Motto: 
"홍익인간"("弘益人間")
"Benefit broadly in the human world /
Devotion to the Welfare of Humanity"
[1]
Anthem: 
"애국가"("愛國歌")
"Aegukga"
"Patriotic Song"
National seal
국가 인감 (國家印鑑)

Seal of South Korea.svg
Land controlled by the Republic of Korea shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green
Land controlled by the Republic of Korea shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green
Capital
and largest city
Seoul
37°33′N 126°58′E / 37°33′N 126°58′E / 37.550; 126.967
Official languagesKorean (Pyojun-eo)
Korean Sign Language[2]
Official scriptKorean
Ethnic groups
Predominantly Korean. No official statistics[a]
Religion
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary presidential
constitutional republic
• President
Moon Jae-in
Chung Sye-kyun
Moon Hee-sang
Kim Myeong-soo
Yoo Nam-seok
LegislatureNational Assembly
Establishment history
October 3, 2333 BC[b]
194 BC
18 BC
698
936
July 17, 1392
October 12, 1897
August 29, 1910
March 1, 1919
September 11, 1919
• Liberation from Japan
August 15, 1945
• U.S. administration of Korea south of the 38th parallel
September 8, 1945
August 15, 1948
February 25, 1988
• Admitted to the United Nations
September 17, 1991
Area
• Total
100,363 km2 (38,750 sq mi) (107th)
• Water (%)
0.3 (301 km2 / 116 mi2)
Population
• 2019 estimate
Increase51,709,098[6] (28th)
• Density
507/km2 (1,313.1/sq mi) (23rd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$2.418 trillion[7] (14th)
• Per capita
$46,451[7] (29th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$1.626 trillion[7] (12th)
• Per capita
$31,246[7] (27th)
Gini (2016)Positive decrease 35.7[8]
medium · 93rd
HDI (2018)Increase 0.906[9]
very high · 22nd
CurrencyKorean Republic won (₩) (KRW)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Korea Standard Time)
Date format
  • yyyy년 m월 d일
  • yyyy. m. d. (CE)
Mains electricity220 V–60 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+82
ISO 3166 codeKR
Internet TLD
South Korea
South Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
North Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl
Korea
South Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
North Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl
Republic of Korea
South Korean name
Hangul
Hanja

South Korea (Korean: 한국/韓國; RR: Hanguk or literally 남한/南韓; RR: Namhan), officially the Republic of Korea (Korean: 대한민국/大韓民國; RR: Daehan Minguk) is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula[10] and sharing a land border with North Korea.

The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo, which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time,[11][12][13][14] ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East[15] and Inner Mongolia[16] under Gwanggaeto the Great.[17] Its capital, Seoul, is a major global city[18] and half of South Korea's over 51 million people live in the Seoul Capital Area, the fourth largest metropolitan economy in the world.[19]

The Korean Peninsula was inhabited as early as the Lower Paleolithic period. Its first kingdom was noted in Chinese records in the early 7th century BC. Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea into Silla and Balhae in the late 7th century, Korea was ruled by the Goryeo dynasty (918–1392) and the Joseon dynasty (1392–1897). The succeeding Korean Empire was annexed into the Empire of Japan in 1910. After World War II, Korea was divided into Soviet and U.S.-administered zones, with the latter becoming the Republic of Korea in August 1948. In 1950, a North Korean invasion began the Korean War and after its end in 1953, the country's economy began to soar, recording the fastest rise in average GDP per capita in the world between 1980 and 1990. The June Struggle led to the end of authoritarian rule in 1987 and the country is now the most advanced democracy with the highest level of press freedom in Asia.[20][21] It has the 10th highest social mobility in the world, with 17% of children born to parents in the bottom half of educational attainment ending up in the top quarter.[22] South Korea is a member of the OECD's Development Assistance Committee, the G20 and the Paris Club.

South Korea is a highly developed country and the world's 12th-largest economy by nominal GDP. Its citizens enjoy the world's fastest Internet connection speeds and the most dense high-speed railway network. It was named the second best country in the world to raise kids in the 2020 UN Child Flourishing Index, with the best chance at survival, thriving and well-being due to good healthcare, education and nutrition.[23][24][25] The world's 5th largest exporter and 8th largest importer, South Korea is a global leader in many technology and innovation driven fields. Since 2014, South Korea has been named the world's most innovative country by the Bloomberg Innovation Index for 6 consecutive years. Since the 21st century, South Korea has been renowned for its globally influential pop culture such as K-pop, TV dramas and cinema, a phenomenon referred to as the Korean Wave.[26][27][28][29][30]