|الثورة التونسية (arabic)|
part of the arab spring
anti-government demonstrations during the tunisian revolution
|date||18 december 2010 – 14 january 2011|
(3 weeks and 6 days)
- government corruption
- social inequalities
- political repression
- civil resistance
- general strikes
- spontaneous uprisings
- overthrow of the ben ali government
- resignation of prime minister ghannouchi
- dissolution of the political police
- dissolution of the ruling party
- release of political prisoners
- elections of a constituent assembly
- subsequent protests against the interim islamist-led constituent assembly. government agrees to resign and engages in dialogue discussing the country's new transition.
- start of the arab spring
africa portal • history portal|
the tunisian revolution, also called the jasmine revolution, was an intensive 28-day campaign of civil resistance. it included a series of street demonstrations which took place in tunisia, and led to the ousting of longtime president zine el abidine ben ali in january 2011. it eventually led to a thorough democratisation of the country and to free and democratic elections.
the demonstrations were caused by high unemployment, food inflation, corruption, a lack of political freedoms (such as freedom of speech) and poor living conditions. the protests constituted the most dramatic wave of social and political unrest in tunisia in three decades and resulted in scores of deaths and injuries, most of which were the result of action by police and security forces.
the protests were sparked by the self-immolation of mohamed bouazizi on 17 december 2010. they led to the ousting of ben ali on 14 january 2011, when he officially resigned after fleeing to saudi arabia, ending his 23 years in power. labor unions were an integral part of the protests. the tunisian national dialogue quartet was awarded the 2015 nobel peace prize for "its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in tunisia in the wake of the tunisian revolution of 2011". the protests inspired similar actions throughout the arab world, in a chain reaction which became known as the arab spring movement.