Valletta

  • valletta

    il-belt valletta
    capital city and local council
    from top: skyline, saluting battery, lower barrakka gardens, st. john's co-cathedral and the city walls
    from top: skyline, saluting battery, lower barrakka gardens, st. john's co-cathedral and the city walls
    flag of valletta
    flag
    coat of arms of valletta
    coat of arms
    nickname(s): 
    il-belt
    map of the maltese archipelago with valletta highlighted in red.
    map of the maltese archipelago with valletta highlighted in red.
    coordinates: 35°53′54″n 14°30′45″e / 35°53′54″n 14°30′45″e / 35.89833; 14.51250
    unesco world heritage site
    131
    inscription1980 (4th session)
    area55.5 ha

    valletta (ə/, maltese: il-belt valletta, maltese pronunciation: [ˈvɐlɛ.tɐ]) is the capital city of malta. located in the south eastern region of the main island, between marsamxett harbour to the west and the grand harbour to the east, its population in 2014 was 6,444,[4] while the metropolitan area around it has a population of 393,938.[2] valletta is the southernmost capital of europe,[5] and at just 0.61 square kilometres (61 ha), it is the european union's smallest capital city.[6][7]

    valletta's 16th-century buildings were constructed by the knights hospitaller. the city was named after jean parisot de valette, who succeeded in defending the island from an ottoman invasion in 1565.the city is baroque in character, with elements of mannerist, neo-classical and modern architecture, though the second world war left major scars on the city, particularly the destruction of the royal opera house. the city was officially recognised as a world heritage site by unesco in 1980.[8]

    the city's fortifications, consisting of bastions, curtains and cavaliers, along with the beauty of its baroque palaces, gardens and churches, led the ruling houses of europe to give the city its nickname superbissima[citation needed]latin for "proudest".

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Valletta

Il-Belt Valletta
From top: Skyline, Saluting Battery, Lower Barrakka Gardens, St. John's Co-Cathedral and the city walls
Flag of Valletta
Flag
Coat of arms of Valletta
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Il-Belt
Map of the Maltese Archipelago with Valletta highlighted in red.
Map of the Maltese Archipelago with Valletta highlighted in red.
Coordinates: 35°53′54″N 14°30′45″E / 35°53′54″N 14°30′45″E / 35.89833; 14.51250
131
Inscription1980 (4th session)
Area55.5 ha

Valletta (ə/, Maltese: il-Belt Valletta, Maltese pronunciation: [ˈvɐlɛ.tɐ]) is the capital city of Malta. Located in the South Eastern Region of the main island, between Marsamxett Harbour to the west and the Grand Harbour to the east, its population in 2014 was 6,444,[4] while the metropolitan area around it has a population of 393,938.[2] Valletta is the southernmost capital of Europe,[5] and at just 0.61 square kilometres (61 ha), it is the European Union's smallest capital city.[6][7]

Valletta's 16th-century buildings were constructed by the Knights Hospitaller. The city was named after Jean Parisot de Valette, who succeeded in defending the island from an Ottoman invasion in 1565.The city is Baroque in character, with elements of Mannerist, Neo-Classical and Modern architecture, though the Second World War left major scars on the city, particularly the destruction of the Royal Opera House. The city was officially recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980.[8]

The city's fortifications, consisting of bastions, curtains and cavaliers, along with the beauty of its Baroque palaces, gardens and churches, led the ruling houses of Europe to give the city its nickname Superbissima[citation needed]Latin for "Proudest".