Welsh language

  • welsh
    cymraeg, y gymraeg
    pronunciation[kəmˈrɑːɨɡ]
    regionunited kingdom (wales, england), argentina (chubut province)
    native speakers
    all uk speakers: 1,123,500+ (2019)[1]
    • wales: 874,600 speakers (29.0% of the population of wales),[2] (data from 2019 population survey);
      all skills (speaking, reading, or writing): 1,012,500 language users[3]
    • england: 110,000–150,000 (estimated)
    • argentina: 1,500-5,000[4][5]
    • canada: l1,<3,885[6]
    • united states: ~2,235 (2009–2013) (2017)
    language family
    indo-european
    • celtic
      • insular celtic
        • brittonic
          • western
            • welsh
    early forms
    common brittonic
    • old welsh
      • middle welsh
    writing system
    latin (welsh alphabet)
    welsh braille
    official status
    official language in
     wales
    regulated byaled roberts, the welsh language commissioner (since 1 april 2019)[7] and the welsh government (llywodraeth cymru)
    language codes
    cy
    cym (t)
    iso 639-3cym
    wels1247[8]
    linguasphere50-aba
    this article contains ipa phonetic symbols. without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of unicode characters. for an introductory guide on ipa symbols, see help:ipa.

    welsh (cymraeg [kəmˈrɑːɨɡ] (about this soundlisten) or y gymraeg [ə gəmˈrɑːɨɡ]) is a brittonic language of the celtic language family. it is spoken natively in wales, by some in england, and in y wladfa (the welsh colony in chubut province, argentina).[9] historically, it has also been known in english as "british",[10] "cambrian",[11] "cambric"[12] and "cymric".[13]

    according to the united kingdom census 2011, 19 percent of residents in wales aged three and over were able to speak welsh. according to the 2001 census, 21 percent of the population aged 3+ were able to speak welsh. this suggests that there was a decrease in the number of welsh speakers in wales from 2001 to 2011 – from about 582,000 to 562,000 respectively.

    the annual population survey conducted by the office for national statistics for the year ending in march 2019 suggests that 896,900 welsh residents (29 percent) aged three or over were able to speak welsh.[14] the results for the most recent national survey for wales (2017-2018) suggest that 19 per cent of the population aged 16 and over were able to speak welsh, with an additional 12 per cent noting that they had "some welsh speaking ability".[15]

    the welsh language (wales) measure 2011 gave the welsh language official status in wales,[16] making it the only language that is de jure official in any part of the united kingdom, with english being de facto official. the welsh language, along with english, is also a de jure official language of the national assembly for wales.[17]

  • history
  • geographic distribution
  • status
  • vocabulary
  • phonology
  • orthography
  • morphology
  • syntax
  • counting system
  • dialects
  • registers
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Welsh
Cymraeg, y Gymraeg
Pronunciation[kəmˈrɑːɨɡ]
RegionUnited Kingdom (Wales, England), Argentina (Chubut Province)
Native speakers
All UK speakers: 1,123,500+ (2019)[1]
  • Wales: 874,600 speakers (29.0% of the population of Wales),[2] (data from 2019 Population Survey);
    All skills (speaking, reading, or writing): 1,012,500 language users[3]
  • England: 110,000–150,000 (estimated)
  • Argentina: 1,500-5,000[4][5]
  • Canada: L1,<3,885[6]
  • United States: ~2,235 (2009–2013) (2017)
Early forms
Latin (Welsh alphabet)
Welsh Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Wales
Regulated byAled Roberts, the Welsh Language Commissioner (since 1 April 2019)[7] and the Welsh Government (Llywodraeth Cymru)
Language codes
cy
cym (T)
ISO 639-3cym
wels1247[8]
Linguasphere50-ABA
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Welsh (Cymraeg [kəmˈrɑːɨɡ] (About this soundlisten) or y Gymraeg [ə gəmˈrɑːɨɡ]) is a Brittonic language of the Celtic language family. It is spoken natively in Wales, by some in England, and in Y Wladfa (the Welsh colony in Chubut Province, Argentina).[9] Historically, it has also been known in English as "British",[10] "Cambrian",[11] "Cambric"[12] and "Cymric".[13]

According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, 19 percent of residents in Wales aged three and over were able to speak Welsh. According to the 2001 Census, 21 percent of the population aged 3+ were able to speak Welsh. This suggests that there was a decrease in the number of Welsh speakers in Wales from 2001 to 2011 – from about 582,000 to 562,000 respectively.

The Annual Population Survey conducted by the Office for National Statistics for the year ending in March 2019 suggests that 896,900 Welsh residents (29 percent) aged three or over were able to speak Welsh.[14] The results for the most recent National Survey for Wales (2017-2018) suggest that 19 per cent of the population aged 16 and over were able to speak Welsh, with an additional 12 per cent noting that they had "some Welsh speaking ability".[15]

The Welsh Language (Wales) Measure 2011 gave the Welsh language official status in Wales,[16] making it the only language that is de jure official in any part of the United Kingdom, with English being de facto official. The Welsh language, along with English, is also a de jure official language of the National Assembly for Wales.[17]