Zaghawa people

Zaghawa / Beri people
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Toubou people,[4] Bideyat people[5]

The Zaghawa people, also called Beri or Zakhawa, are a Central African Muslim ethnic group of eastern Chad and western Sudan, including Darfur.[4]

Zaghawas speak the Zaghawa language, which is an eastern Saharan language.[6][7] They are pastoralists, and a breed of sheep that they herd is called Zaghawa by the Arabs. They are nomadic and obtain much of their livelihood through herding cattle, camels and sheep and harvesting wild grains. It has been estimated that there are between 225,000 and 400,000 Zaghawa.[4][8]


The Kanemite royal history, the Girgam, refers to the Zaghawa people as the Duguwa. Today, Zaghawa refer to themselves as the Beri, while the Arab people and literature refers to them as "Zaghawa". In literature related to African ethnic groups, the term Beri (sometimes Kegi) includes Zaghawas, Bideyat and Bertis peoples, each clustered in different parts of Chad, Sudan and Libya.[5]